Polymer Science Series B

, Volume 55, Issue 1–2, pp 63–68 | Cite as

Synthesis of oligomeric chlorophosphazenes in the presence of ZnCl2

  • I. S. Sirotin
  • Yu. V. Bilichenko
  • O. V. Suraeva
  • A. N. Solodukhin
  • V. V. Kireev
Synthesis

Abstract

With the use of 31P NMR spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, the partial ammonolysis of PCl5 by ammonium chloride in chlorobenzene in the presence of zinc chloride is investigated. The use of zinc chloride reduces the reaction time to 1.5 h and increases the yield of oligomeric chlorophosphazenes up to 95%. Some assumptions are made about the role of ZnCl2 in the process and about the feasibility of the mechanism of formation of higher cyclic chlorophosphazenes, the hexamer and the octamer.

Keywords

Polymer Science Series Chlorobenzene Ammonium Chloride Zinc Chloride Phosphorus Pentachloride 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    V. V. Kireev, N. S. Bredov, Yu. V. Bilichenko, K. A. Lysenko, R. S. Borisov, and V. P. Chuev, Polymer Science, Ser. A 50, 609 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. V. Kireev, N. S. Bredov, B. M. Prudskov, Jianxin Mu, R. S. Borisov, I. B. Sokol’skaya, and V. P. Chuev, Polymer Science, Ser. B 53, 64 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. V. Kireev, E. M. Chistyakov, S. N. Filatov, R. S. Borisov, and B. M. Prudskov, Polymer Science, Ser. B 53, 412 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. M. Chistyakov, Yu. V. Bilichenko, V. V. Kireev, L. L. Gapochkina, V. F. Posokhova, and V. P. Chuev, RF Patent No. 2375039 (2009).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. K. Andrianov, Polyphosphazenes for Biomedical Applications (Wiley, New Jersey, 2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. A. Vantsyan, M. F. Bobrov, G. V. Popova, V. V. Kireev, and V. G. Tsirel’son, Polymer Science, Ser. A 49, 355 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. P. Chuev, Doctoral Dissertation in Technical Sciences (Moscow, 2010).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. M. Chistyakov, Candidate’s Dissertation in Chemistry (Moscow, 2011).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. N. Stokes, Am. Chem. J. 19, 782 (1897).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Becke-Goehring and E. Fluck, Angew. Chem. 74, 382 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. M. Zhivukhin, V. V. Kireev, G. S. Kolesnikov, V. P. Popilin, and E. A. Filippov, Zh. Neorg. Khim. 14, 1051 (1969).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wan Le, Ye Yong, Ju Zhiyu, Zhong Shangbin, and Zhao Yufen, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Silicon, Relat. Elem. 184, 1958 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yuan Fulong, Zhu Yujun, Zhao Jinggui, Bin Zhang, and Jiang Dexiang, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Silicon, Relat. Elem. 176, 77 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    US Patent No. 4,382,914 (1983).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    UK Patent No. 2,397,058B (2005).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Weissberger, E. Proskauer, J. Riddick, and E. Toops, Organic Solvents. Physical Properties and Methods of Purification (Wiley, New York, 1955; Inostrannaya Literatura, Moscow, 1958).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. W. Kiser, J. G. Dillard, and D. L. Dugger, Adv. Chem. Ser. 72, 153 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. R. Allcock and R. J. Best, Can. J. Chem. 42, 447 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. V. Kireev, V. V. Korshak, G. I. Mitropol’skaya, and V. Sulkovski, Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 21, 100 (1979).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Emsley and P. Udy, Inorg. Phys. Theor., 3025 (1970).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. I. Derkach, I. N. Zhmurova, A. V. Kirsanov, et al., Phosphazo Compounds, Ed. by A. V. Kirsanov (Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1965) [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. S. Sirotin
    • 1
  • Yu. V. Bilichenko
    • 1
  • O. V. Suraeva
    • 1
  • A. N. Solodukhin
    • 1
  • V. V. Kireev
    • 1
  1. 1.Mendeleev University of Chemical TechnologyMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations