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Polymer Science Series B

, Volume 53, Issue 3–4, pp 132–136 | Cite as

Radical copolymerization of sodium 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonate and sodium acrylate in water-alcohol solutions

Polymerization

Abstract

The effect of the nature of a solvent on the kinetic parameters of the process and the intrinsic viscosities of copolymers formed by the homogeneous free-radical copolymerization of the sodium salt of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid and the sodium salt of acrylic acid initiated by potassium persulfate in water, water-methanol mixtures (92: 8, 84: 16, 75: 25, 50: 50), and water-isopropanol (50: 50) mixtures at pH 9 and 60°C is studied. The initial rate of copolymerization increases with increases in the concentrations of the comonomers and initiator, the content of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid in the initial monomer mixture, and the content of water in a water-methanol mixture and in the sequence of solvents water-methanol < water-isopropanol. The intrinsic viscosity and yield of the copolymer grow when the content of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid in the initial monomer mixture and water in water-methanol mixtures are increased and when isopropanol is replaced with methanol. The reactivity ratios of the monomers in water-methanol (50: 50) and water-isopropanol (50: 50) mixtures are determined.

Keywords

Copolymerization Acrylic Acid Polymer Science Series Intrinsic Viscosity Potassium Persulfate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. F. Kurenkov
  • A. V. Kurenkov
    • 1
  • F. I. Lobanov
    • 2
  1. 1.Kazan State Technological UniversityKazanTatarstan, Russia
  2. 2.OOO KNT PlusMoscowRussia

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