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Glass Physics and Chemistry

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 248–260 | Cite as

Volume nucleation of crystals in glass based on blast-furnace slag

  • G. A. Sycheva
  • I. G. Polyakova
Article

Abstract

The nucleation of crystals in glass obtained by blending metallurgical slag with silicon dioxide has been studied. The type of crystallization (homogeneous or heterogeneous, volume or surface) is revealed for each of nine compositions of synthesized glass. It is shown that the first crystalline phase in a volume-crystallizing glass is perovskite (CaO · SiO2); in this phase a nucleation of the main phase occurs: melilite (solid solution of gehlinite 2CaO · Al2O3 · SiO2 in akermanite 2CaO · MgO · 2SiO2). The fundamental characteristics of homogeneous (for a catalizing phase, perovskite) and heterogeneous (for a catalyzed phase, melilite) of crystallization are determined: the steady-state nucleation rate I st, time of unsteady-state nucleation τ, crystal growth rate U, and activation energy of frictional flow. The temperature dependences of I st, τ, and U are obtained. Practical recommendations are presented for the use of blast-furnace slag as a raw material for the synthesis of glass and their further utilization.

Keywords

glass based on blast-furnace slag volume nucleation catalyzed volume nucleation 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grebenshchikov Institute of Chemistry of SilicatesRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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