Glass Physics and Chemistry

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 460–465 | Cite as

Physicochemical properties of water-alcohol mixtures of a homological series of lower aliphatic alcohols

  • V. I. Kuchuk
  • I. Yu. Shirokova
  • E. V. Golikova


The results of a study of physicochemical properties (density, viscosity, refractive index, contraction, and surface tension) of water-alcohol (water-ethanol, water-propanol, and water-isopropanol) and alcohol-alcohol (propanol-butanol) mixtures are presented. The ratios of water and alcohol corresponding to the maxima of the viscosity and contraction of the mixtures are determined. A nonlinear character of dependences of the density and refractive index for water-alcohol mixtures versus their composition is demonstrated.


water-alcohol mixtures viscosity contraction 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Mendeleev, D.I., O soedinenii spirta s vodoi, sochineniya (Total Collection of Transactions: On the Combinations of Alcohol with Water), Leningrad: ONTI-Khimteoret, 1937, vol. 4.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Doroshevskii, A.G., Issledovanie v oblasti vodno-spirtovykh rastvorov (An Investigation in the Field of Aqueous-Alcohol Solutions), Moscow: Moscow University, 1911.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stabnikov, V.N., Roiter, I.M., and Protsyuk, T.B., Etilovyi spirt (Ethyl Alcohol), Moscow: Pishchevaya Promyshlennost’, 1975.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Parke, S.A. and Birch, G.G., Solution Properties of Ethanol in Water, Food Chem., 1999, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 241–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Juurinen, I., Water-Ethanol Mixtures by Molecular Dynamics and X-Ray Compton Scattering, in Prograta-tutkienalma Theoreettinen Fysiikka, Universitas Helsigiensis, Institutum Phisicum, 2009.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Krestov, G.A., Termodinamika protsessov v rastvorakh (Thermodynamics of the Processes in Solutions), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1984.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brinker, C.J. and Scherer, G.W., Sol-Gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing, San Diego: Academic, 1990.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mackenzie, J., Sol-Gel Researches—Achievements Since 1981 and Prospects for the Future, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 2003, vol. 26, nos. 1–3, pp. 23–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sakka, S., Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology: Processing, Characterization, and Applications, Sakka, S., Ed., New York: Springer, 2004, vol. 2.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Red’kin, A.N. and Kipin, V.A., Vapor-Phase Synthesis of Nanofibrous Carbon Materials from Water-Ethanol Mixtures, Inorg. Mater., 2009, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 982–987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shevchenko, V.Ya., Belaya kniga po nanotekhnologiyam: Issledovaniya v oblasti nanochastits, nanostruktur i nanokompozitov v Rossiiskoi Federatsii (po materialam I Vserossiiskogo soveshchaniya uchenykh, inzhenerov i proizvoditelei v oblasti nanotekhnologii) (The White Book on Nanotechnologies: Investigations in the Field of Nanoparticles, Nanostructures, and Nanocomposites in the Russian Federation (from the Proceedings of the First All-Russian Conference of Scientists, Engineers, and Manufacturers in the Field of Nanotechnologies), Moscow: LKI, 2008.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kratkii spravochnik fiziko-khimicheskikh velichin (A Concise Reference Book on Physicochemical Quantities), Ravdelya, A.A. and Ponomareva, A.M., Eds., St. Petersburg: Ivan Fedorov, 2002, 10th ed..Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tolmachev, A.M., Khondar’, G.O., Anuchin, K.M., and Kucherov, A.V., Topology of Intermolecular Nanostructures of Adsorbed and Liquid Ethanol, Colloid J., 2009, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 861–868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Altsybeeva, A.I., Belousov, V.P., and Morachevskii, A.G., Khimiya i termodinamika rastvorov (Chemistry and Thermodynamics of Solutions), Leningrad: Leningrad State University, 1964.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. I. Kuchuk
    • 1
  • I. Yu. Shirokova
    • 1
  • E. V. Golikova
    • 2
  1. 1.St. Petersburg Chemical Pharmaceutical AcademySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of ChemistrySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations