Glass Physics and Chemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 13–20 | Cite as

Local crystallization of glasses in the La2O3-B2O3-GeO2 system under laser irradiation

  • V. N. Sigaev
  • E. A. Alieva
  • S. V. Lotarev
  • N. M. Lepekhin
  • Yu. S. Priseko
  • A. V. Rasstanaev
Article

Abstract

A method is proposed for local crystallization of glasses under laser irradiation. This method makes it possible to nucleate and grow microcrystals with a size distribution similar to a monodisperse distribution for several fractions of a second in any glass region chosen in advance. It is demonstrated using glasses in the La2O3-B2O3-GeO2 system as an example that the crystallization of the stillwellite-like phase LaBGeO5 with the composition close to the composition of the initial glass is observed in the glass under irradiation with the copper vapor laser operating in the high-speed pulse modulation mode. Strips (up to ∼300 μm) produced at a specified depth from the glass surface contain extended regions consisting of uniformly distributed crystals, which have almost identical sizes, exhibit a pronounced faceting, and are identified using X-ray diffraction. The size and the number of crystals can be changed over a wide range by varying laser treatment conditions. This opens up the way to the design of new glass-ceramic materials in which the location of the crystalline phase in the glass bulk is controlled by a developer.

Keywords

Glass Physic Glass Bulk Copper Vapor Laser Initial Glass Lithium Disilicate 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. N. Sigaev
    • 1
  • E. A. Alieva
    • 1
  • S. V. Lotarev
    • 1
  • N. M. Lepekhin
    • 2
  • Yu. S. Priseko
    • 2
  • A. V. Rasstanaev
    • 2
  1. 1.Mendeleev University of Chemical TechnologyMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Research and Production Enterprise “VELIT”Moscow oblastRussia

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