Geology of Ore Deposits

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 20–36 | Cite as

PGE distribution in sulfide ores from ultramafic massifs of the central East Sayan Mountains, Southern Siberia, Russia

  • T. B. Kolotilina
  • A. S. Mekhonoshin
  • D. A. Orsoev


Data on the composition of sulfide ores from ultramafic massifs in the central East Sayan Mountains and on the regularities of platinum group elements (PGE) in these ores are presented. It is found that the highest PGE contents are characteristic for net-textured and massive ores from the Zhelos massif: total PGE content there is up to 15 ppm, with Pd/Pt = 3–8, for Ni and Cu contents of 1.5–2.8 and 0.5–2.7 wt%, respectively. In the disseminated ores of the Zhelos massif, PGE contents vary from 1 to 7 ppm, at Ni and Cu contents varying in the ranges of 0.5–1.0 and 0.2–0.4 wt %, respectively. In the Tokty-Oi massif, disseminated ores are characterized by higher absolute PGE contents (1.6 to 3.3 ppm) at similar Ni content. PGE tenor of disseminated ores is higher compared to that of massive and net-textured ones. In the cross-sections of both massifs, net-textured and massive ores of an essentially pyrrhotine composition are found at the contact between ultramafic and host rocks. Total PGE in these ores is up to 12 ppm. The obtained data on sulfur isotopes indicate the common, well-homogenized sources, and close physical–chemical depositional conditions of all ore types.


Chalcopyrite Host Rock Sulfur Isotope Platinum Group Element Pyrrhotine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arcuri, T., Ripley, E.M., and Hauck, S.A., Sulfur and oxygen isotopic studies of the interaction between pelitic xenoliths and mafic magma at the babbitt and serpentine Cu-Ni deposits, Duluth Complex, Ninnesota, Econ. Geol., 1998, vol. 93, pp. 1063–1075.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barkov, A.Y., Thibault, Y., Laajoki, K.V.O., Melezhik, V.A., and Nilsson, L.P., Zoning and substitutions in Co–Ni–(Fe)–PGE sulfarsenides from the Mount General’skaya layered intrusion, Arctic Russia, Can. Mineral., 1999, vol. 37, pp. 127–142.Google Scholar
  3. Barnes, S.J. and Lightfoot, P.C., Formation of magmatic nickel–sulfide ore deposits and processes affecting their copper and platinum-group element contents, Hedenquist, J.W., Thompson, J.F.H., Goldfarb, R.J., and Richards, J.P., Eds., Econ. Geol. 100, pp. 179–213 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnes, S.-J., Melezhik, V.A., and Sokolov, S.V., The composition and mode of formation of the Pechenga nickel deposits, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia, Can. Mineral., 2001, vol. 39, pp. 447–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barnes, S.-J. and Maier, W.D., Platinum-group elements and microstructures of normal Merensky Reef from Impala platinum mines, Bushveld Complex, J. Petrol., 2002, vol. 43, pp. 103–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barnes, S.J., Komatiites and nickel sulfide ores of the black swan area, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. 4. Platinum group element distribution in the ores, and genetic implications, Miner. Deposita, 2004, vol. 39, p. 752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buchanan, D.L., Nolan, J., Suddaby, J.E., Rouse, J.E., Vil joen, M.J., and Davenport, J.W.I., The genesis of sulfide mineralization in a portion of the Potgietersrus limb of the Bushveld Complex, Econ. Geol., 1981, vol. 76, pp. 568–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cabri, L.J., Platinum-group elements: mineralogy, geology, recovery, Can. Inst. Mining, 1981, vol. 23, pp. 83–150.Google Scholar
  9. Chen, L.M., Song, X.Y., Keays, R.R., Tian, Y.L., Wang, Y.S., Deng, Y.F., and Xiao, J.F., Segregation and fractionation of magmatic Ni–Cu–PGE sulfides in the Western Jinchuan Intrusion, Northwestern China: insights from platinum group element geochemistry, Econ. Geol., 2013, vol. 108, pp. 1793–1811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Collins, J.E., Barnes, S.J., Hagemann, S.G., Mccuaig, T.C., and Frost, K.M., Postmagmatic variability in ore composition and mineralogy in the T4 and T5 ore shoots at the highgrade flying fox Ni–Cu–PGE deposit, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, Econ. Geol., 2013, vol. 108, pp. 859–879.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fleet, M.E., Chryssoulis, S.L., Stone, W.E., and Weisener, C.G., Partitioning of platinum-group elements and Au in the Fe–Ni–Cu–S system: experiments on the fractional crystallization of sulphide melt, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1993, vol. 115, pp. 36–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Glotov, A.I., Kislov, E.V., Orsoev, D.A., Podlipskii, M.Yu., Pertseva, A.P., and Zyuzin, V.I., Geochemistry of sulfur isotopes in different types of sulfide mineralization of the Ioko-Dovyren Massifa (northern Baikal region), Geol. Geofiz., 1998, vol. 39, pp. 228–233.Google Scholar
  13. Gorbachev, N.S. and Grinenko, L.N., Sulfur isotope composition of sulfides and and sulfates of the Oktyabr’skoe sulfide deposit (Norilsk district) with reference to its genesis, Geokhimiya, 1973, no. 8, pp. 11–27.Google Scholar
  14. Grinenko, V.A. and Grinenko, L.N., Geokhimiya izotopov sery (Geochemistry of Sulfur Isotopes), Moscow: Nauka, 1974.Google Scholar
  15. Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Vourelainen, Y., and Papunen, H. Platinum-group minerals in the Hitura nickel deposit, Finland, Econ. Geol., 1976, vol. 71, pp. 1206–1213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kolotilina, T.B. and Mekhonoshin, A.S., Garnet ultramafites and associated metabasic rocks of the Biryusa Block (southern Siberia), Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2001, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1221–1236.Google Scholar
  17. Lesher, C.M. and Burnham O.M., Mass balance and mixing in dynamic ore-forming magmatic system, in Dynamic Processes in Magmatic Ore Deposits and their Application in Mineral Exploration, Short Course Notes. Mineral. Assoc. Can., 1999, vol. 13, pp. 413–450.Google Scholar
  18. Li, C., Ripley, E.M., and Naldrett, A.J., Compositional variations of olivine in sulfur isotopes in the Noril’sk and Talnakh intrusions, Siberia: implications for ore-forming processes in dynamic magma conduits, Econ. Geol., 2003, vol. 98, pp. 69–86.Google Scholar
  19. Maier, W.D., Barnes, S.J., Chinyepi, G., Barton, J.M., Eglington, B., and Setshedi, I., The composition of magmatic Ni–Cu–(PGE) sulfide deposits in the Tati and Selebi–Phikwe belts of eastern Botswana, Mineral. Deposita, 2008, vol. 43, pp. 37–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. McDonough, W.F. and Sun, S.S., The composition of the Earth, Chem. Geol., 1995, vol. 120, pp. 223–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Medno-nikelevye mestorozhdeniya Pechengi (Copper–Nickel Deposits of Pechenga), Moscow: GEOS, 1999, p. 236.Google Scholar
  22. Mekhonoshin, A.S. and Kolotilina, T.B., Platinum-bearing ultramafic rocks of the Biryusa uplift beyond the Siberian Platform, in Platina Rossii (Platinum of Russia), Moscow: Geoinformmark, 1999, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 97–106.Google Scholar
  23. Mekhonoshin, A.S., Kolotilina, T.B., and Pavlova, L.A., First find of PGE minerals in sulfide ores related to ultrabasic rocks of the IIsk–Kuksher Trough, Southern Siberia, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2008, vol. 419A, no. 3, pp. 435–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mekhonoshin, A.S., Kolotilina, T.B., and Doroshkov, A.A., Formation types and ore potential of the ultrabasite–basite complexes of the Alkhadyr terrane, Izv. Sib. Otd. Sektsii Nauk Zemle Ross. Akad. Estesstv. Nauk, Geol., Poiski, Razvedka Rud. Mestorozhd., 2011, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 40–47.Google Scholar
  25. Munteanu, M., Wilson, A.H., Yao, Y., Chunnett, G., Luo, Y., and Sibanda, S., The Lengshuiqing Ni–Cu deposit, Sichuan, Southwestern China: ore characteristics and genesis, Can. Mineral., 2011, vol. 49, pp. 1599–1626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ohnenstetter, D., Watkinson, D.H., and Dahl, R., Zoned hollingworthite from the two Duck Lake Intrusion, Coldwell Complex, Ontario, Am. Mineral., 1991, vol. 76, pp. 1694–1700.Google Scholar
  27. Platinonosnost’ ul’trabazit-bazitovykh kompleksov yuga Sibiri (Platinum Potential of the Ultrabasite–Basite Complexes of Southern Siberia), Bognibov, V.I., Krivenko, A.P., Izokh, A.E., Eds., Novosibirsk: Sib. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 1995.Google Scholar
  28. Polyakov, G.V., Tolstykh, N.D., Mekhonoshin, A.S., Izokh, A.E., Podlipskii, M.Yu., Orsoev, D.A., and Kolotilina, T.B., Ultramafic–mafic igneous complexes of the Precambrian East Siberian metallogenic province (southern framing of the Siberian Craton); age, composition, origin, and ore potential, Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2013, no. 11, pp. 1689–1704.Google Scholar
  29. Ripley, E.M., Li, C., and Shin, D., Paragneiss assimilation in the genesis of magmatic Ni–Cu–Co sulfide mineralization at Voisey’s Bay, Labrador: δ34S, δ13C, and Se/S evidence, Econ. Geol., 2002, vol. 97, pp. 1307–1318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ripley, E.M. and Li, C., Sulfur isotope exchange and metal enrichment in the formation of magmatic Cu–Ni–(PGE) deposits, Econ. Geol., 2003, vol. 98, pp. 635–641.Google Scholar
  31. Ripley, E.M., Sarkar, A., and Li, C., Mineralogic and stable isotope studies of hydrothermal alteration at the Jinchuan Ni–Cu deposit, China, Econ. Geol., 2005, vol. 100, pp. 1349–1361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sluzhenikin, S.F. and Mokhov, A.V., Gold and silver in the Pt–Cu–Ni and Pt ores of the Norilsk District, distribution and modes of occurrence, in Samorodnoe zoloto: tipomorfizm mineral’nykh assotsiatsii, usloviya obrazovaniya mestorozhdenii, zadachi prikladnykh issledovanii: Mater. Vseross. Konf., posv. 100-letiyu V. Petrovskoi (Native Gold: Typomorphism of Mineral Assemblages, Conditions of Deposit Formation, and Problems of Applied Researches. Proceedings of All-Russian Conference Devoted to 100th Anniversary of V. Petrovskaya), Moscow: IGEM RAN, 2010, vol. 2, pp. 212–214.Google Scholar
  33. Sluzhenikin, S.A. and Mokhov, A.V., Gold and silver in PGE–Cu–Ni and PGE ores of the Noril’sk deposits, Russia, Mineral. Deposita, 2015, vol. 50, pp. 460–492.Google Scholar
  34. Song, X.-Y., Zhou, M.-F., and Cao, Z.-M., Genetic relationships between base-metal sulfides and platinum-group minerals in the Yangliuping Ni–Cu–(PGE) sulfide deposit, Southwestern China, Can. Mineral., 2004, vol. 42, pp. 469–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Szentpeteri, K., Watkinson, D.H., Molnar, F., and Jones, P.C., Platinum-group elements-Co–Ni–Fe sulfarsenides and mineral paragenesis in Cu–Ni–platinum-group element deposits, Copper Cliff North Area, Sudbury, Canada, Econ. Geol., 2002, vol. 97, pp. 1459–1470.Google Scholar
  36. Tarkian, M. and Prichard, H.M., Irarsite–hollingwortite solid solution series and other associated Ru-, Os-, Ir-, and Ph-bearing PGM’s from the Shetland ophiolite complex, Mineral. Deposita, 1987, vol. 22, pp. 178–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tolstykh, N.D., Podlipskiy, M.Yu., and Orsoev, D.A., The PGE-mineralization of the net-textured Ni–Cu-sulfide ore of Zhelos Intrusion, Abstracts of the 12th International NiCu-(PGE) Symposium, Guiyang: 2012, pp. 131–135.Google Scholar
  38. Vlasova, V.N., Lozhkin, V.I., Sokol’nikova, Yu.V., Prokopchuk, S.I., and Mekhonoshin, A.S., ICP-MS Determination of PGE and gold in geological samples using open acid digestion and removal of the interference elements on KU2-8 cationite, in XIX Mezhdunarodnaya Chernyaevskaya konferentsiya po khimii, analitike i tekhnologii platinovykh metallov: Tez. dokladov (19th International Chernyaevskaya Conference on Chemistry, Analytics, and technology of Platinum Metals), Novosibirsk, 2010, part 1, p. 183.Google Scholar
  39. Yang, X.Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.H., Genesis of the Jinchuan PGE deposit, China: evidence from fluid inclusions, mineralogy and geochemistry of precious elements, Mineral. Petrol, 2006, vol. 86, p. 109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zientek, M.L. and Ripley, E.M., Sulfur isotopic studies of the Stillwater complex and associated rocks, Montana, Econ. Geol., 1990, vol. 85, pp. 376–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. B. Kolotilina
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. S. Mekhonoshin
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. A. Orsoev
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of GeochemistrySiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Irkutsk State Technical UniversityIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.Geological InstituteSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesUlan-UdeRussia

Personalised recommendations