Geology of Ore Deposits

, 51:339 | Cite as

Bauxite provinces of the world

Article

Abstract

Phanerozoic bauxite provinces are contoured and characterized. The relations to large tectonic units—ancient and young platforms, island arcs and foldbelts, active continental margins, etc.—are chosen as the major criterion for the recognition of bauxite provinces; 19 provinces of different age and conditions of bauxite deposition are described. Single- and multistage as well as single- and multilevel provinces are distinguished depending on the type of tectonic and geomorphic structure. The most productive bauxite provinces are located in the present-day tropical zone within ancient Gondwanan platforms. Three-level provinces with Cretaceous bauxite at the highest and oldest (post-Gondwanan) surface and Cenozoic deposits at lower and younger planation surfaces are predominant. The most complex, two- and three-stage and multilevel provinces are related to ancient fold regions. The single-level provinces are localized in young island arcs and oceanic islands. The prevalent genetic types of bauxite deposits—lateritic, sedimentary, and karst—are shown in the map of bauxite provinces.

Keywords

Gibbsite Active Continental Margin Fold Region Bauxite Deposit Metallogenic Province 

References

  1. 1.
    D. Bardossy, Karst Bauxites (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1978; Mir, Moscow, 1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Bardossy and G. J. Aleva, Lateritic Bauxites (Akad. Kiado, Budapest, 1990).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Bardossy, A. J. Melfi, and A. Carvalio, “A Comparison of the Main Lateritic Bauxite Region of Our Globe,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on the Lateritisation Processes (Sao Paolo, Brazil, 1983), pp. 15–51.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. V. Belousov, Geotectonics (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1976) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yu. A. Bilibin, Metallogenic Provinces and Metallogenic Epochs (Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow, 1955) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. A. Bogatyrev, V. N. Demina, V. V. Zhukov, et al., “Bauxite Resource Potential of Main Tectonic Elements of the Earth’s Crust,” in Exogenic Ore Formation (Al, Ni, Mn) (Nauka, Moscow, 1987), pp. 148–177 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. A. Bogdanov, L. P. Zonenshain, and M. V. Muratov, “Tectonic Nomenclature and Classification of the Main Structural Elements of the Continental Earth’s Crust,” Geotektonika, Vol. 12, No. 5, 3–22 (1977).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. S. Burtman, G. Z. Gurarii, and A. A. Dvorova, et al., “The Uralian Paleoocean during Devonian Epoch As Inferred from Paleomagnetic Data,” Geotektonika 34(5), 32–42 (2000) [Geotectonics 34 [5], 397–406 (2000)].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. I. Bushinsky, “Formation Conditions of Bauxites and Localization of Bauxite Deposits,” in Localization of Mineral Resources (Acad. Science USSR, Moscow, 1958), Vol. 1, pp. 11–18 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. I. Bushinsky, Geology of Bauxites (Nedra, Moscow, 1971) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. S. Fox, “The Bauxite and Aluminous Laterite Occurrences of India,” India Geol. Sur. Mem, No. 49, (1923).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. K. Gladkovsky and A. K. Sharova, “The Cretaceous Bauxite Province in Asia,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 88(1), 492–497 (1953).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yu. K. Goretsky, Localization of Bauxite Deposits (VIMS, Moscow, 1960) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. M. Gorodnitsky, L. P. Zonenshain, and E. G. Mirlin, Reconstruction of the Position of Continents in Phanerozoic (Nauka, Moscow, 1978) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. R. Kirpal, Bauxite Deposits of Kazakhstan (Nedra, Moscow, 1976) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yu. E. Kustov, E. V. Ershova, and A. M. Sklovsk, “Formation Conditions and Preservation of Large and High-Quality Bauxite Deposits,” Otech. Geol., No. 4, 70–73 (1998).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. G. Magak’yan, Types of Ore Provinces and Ore Deposits in the USSR (Nedra, Moscow, 1969) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    B. M. Mikhailov, “Evolution of Bauxite Deposition Settings in the Geological History of the Earth,” in Genesis of Bauxites (Nauka, Moscow, 1975), pp. 57–68 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. M. Mikhailov, Regional and Local Spatial Distribution of Bauxite Deposits (Nedra, Leningrad, 1978) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. M. Mikhailov, Bauxite-Bearing Complexes of the Urals (Nedra, Leningrad, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mineral Resources of the World. Statistic Reference Book (Mineral, Moscow, 2007) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. A. Mizens and I. A. Svyazhina, “Paleogeography of the Urals in Devonian,” Litosfera, No. 2, 29–44 (2007).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. M. Novikov and Nguen Ngok Kuin, “Lateritic Bauxite Deposits on the Tainguen Plateau in Southern Vietnam,” Geol. Rudn. Mestorozhd., Vol. 26, No. 6, 93–104 (1984).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Issues of Metallogeny. Reports of the Soviet Geologists at XXII Session of the International Geological Congress (Nedra, Moscow, 1965) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. G. Sapozhnikov, “Perspectives of Prospecting for Bauxite Deposits in Geosynclinal Regions of the USSR,” Sov. Geol., No. 10, 19–30 (1971a).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. G. Sapozhnikov, “Main Bauxite Provinces of the USSR,” in Platform Bauxites of the USSR (Nauka, Moscow, 1971b), pp. 6–21 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. G. Sapozhnikov, “Outlook of Bauxite Resource Potential in the Platform Regions of the USSR,” Vestn. Akad. Nauk SSSR, No. 1, 83–91 (1973).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. G. Sapozhnikov and B. A. Bogatyrev, “Role of the Tectonic Factor in Formation and Localization of Bauxites,” in Bauxite-Bearing Main Tectonic Structures in the Earth’s Crust (Nauka, Moscow, 1988), pp. 210–224 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. G. Sapozhnikov, B. A. Bogatyrev, V. N. Demina, et al., “Bauxite Resource Potential of the Main Sedimentary Complexes in Various Geotectonic Units of the USSR,” in Ore Potential of the Sedimentary Complexes (Nauka, Leningrad, 1989), pp. 1866–1996 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    E. T. Shatalov, “Principles of Compilation of Metallogenic Maps,” in Issues of Metallogeny (Nedra, Moscow, 1965), pp. 45–61 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. S. Smirnov, An Essay of Metallogeny of the Eastern Transbaikal Region (Gosgeolizdat, Moscow, 1944) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    V. I. Smirnov, “Classification of Ore-Petrographic Provinces,” Uzb. Geol. Zh., No. 6, 3–12 (1959).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    V. I. Smirnov, Essays of Metallogeny (Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow, 1963) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. A. Ushakov and N. A. Yasamanov, Drift of Continents and Climate of the Earth (Mysl, Moscow, 1984) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    I. Valeton, Bauxites (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1972; Mir, Moscow, 1974) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    World Bauxite Resources (US. Geol. Surv. Prof. Paper, No. 1076-B, 1986).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations