Geology of Ore Deposits

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 245–255 | Cite as

Geomagmatism, pulsations of the Earth, and Phanerozoic minerageny



Discontinuity and periodicity of tectonic processes, eustatic fluctuations of the ocean level, volcanic and metallogenic activity, and some other global processes in the Earth’s history are indicative of the pulsatory nature of the Earth’s evolution. Correlation of geomagnetic field variations with global geological processes shows the geomagnetic field polarity to be an indicator of pulsations. The phases of the Earth’s expansion correspond to normal (present-day) polarity, and the planet’s contraction to epochs of reversed polarity. In terms of the concept of geopulsations, the diversity of basic geodynamic regimes of continents is determined by the combination of three factors: the phases of the Earth’s evolution (contraction-expansion), the effects of deep fluid and heat flows (plumes), and the state of the asthenosphere (its depth, thickness, and degree of heating). The general evolution of Phanerozoic ore deposition and the specific metallogenic features of tectonomagmatic cycles may be considered in a new light in view of the Earth’s pulsatory history.


Asthenosphere Mobile Belt Porphyry Copper Alkaline Magmatism Fold System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. S. Alekseev, “Typification of Phanerozoic Events of Mass Extinction of Organisms,” Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. Geol., No. 5, 6–14 (2000).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U. Asanaliev, V. V. Popov, and I. D. Turdukeev, Nonferrous and Rare Metal Deposits in Carbonate Formations (Nedra, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. P. Belov, Rare Earth Magnets and Their Application (Nauka, Moscow, 1980) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. I. Berger, Antimony Deposits (Nedra, Leningrad, 1978) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yu. V. Bogdanov, Stratified Cooper Deposits in the USSR (Nedra, Leningrad, 1973) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. V. Cox, “Geomagnetic Reversals,” Science 163, 237–245 (1969).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. V. Cox, “A Stochastic Approach towards Understanding the Frequency and Polarity Bias of Geomagnetic Reversals,” Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 24, 178–190 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. K. Denisenko, V. L. Lobkov, I. G. Gaposhin, and M. F. Kutyreva, Stratiform Rare-Metal Deposits (Nedra, Leningrad, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. P. Fedorchuk, Geology of Mercury (Nedra, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. P. Fedorchuk, Geology of Antimony (Nedra, Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. F. Grachev, “Mantle Plumes and Problems of Geodynamics,” Fiz. Zemli 36(4), 3–37 (2000) [Izv. Physics Solid Earth 36 (4), 263–294 (2000)].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. B. Harland, A. V. Cox, P. G. Llewellyn, A. G. Smith, and R. Walters, A Geologic Time Scale (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1982; Mir, Moscow, 1985).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. Irving and G. Pullaiah, “Reversals of the Geomagnetic Field, Magnetostratigraphy and Relative Magnitude of Paleosecular Variation in the Phanerozoic,” Earth Sci., No. 12, 35–64 (1976).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    V. P. Kazarinov, “Pulsation of the Earth,” Byul. Mosk. O-va Ispyt. Prir. 81(3), 12–28 (1971).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. G. Kaz’min, “Epochs of Rifting and Some Problems of the Origin of Rifts,” Geol. Geofiz. 16(9), (1975).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. E. Khain, “Large-Scale Cyclicity in the Earth’s Tectonic History and Its Possible Origin,” Geotektonika 34(6), 3–14 (2000) [Geotectonics 34 (6), 431–441 (2000)].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. E. Khain and N. A. Bozhko, Historical Geotectonics (Nedra, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. N. Khramov and E. A. Molostovsky, Magnetostratigraphy and Its Geological Implications (Saratov State Univ., Saratov, 1997) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. N. Kogarko and V. E. Khain, “Alkaline Magmatism in the Earth’s History: A Geodynamic Interpretation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk 377(5), 677–679 (2001) [Dokl. Earth Sci. 377A (3), 359–361 (2001)].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. A. Krasilov, “Periodicity Evolution of Organic Kingdom,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 3, 9–15 (1987).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. I. Krivtsov, I. F. Migachev, and V. S. Popov, Porphyry Copper Deposits of the World (Nedra, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. L. Larson and P. Olson, “Mantle Plumes Control Magnetic Reversal Frequency,” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 107(3/4), 437–447 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. G. Lazarenkov, Comparative Analysis of Alkaline Rocks from Continents and Oceans (Nedra, Leningrad, 1988) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. Mehnert, Der Gegenwärtige Stand des Granitproblems (Fortschr. Mineral. 37, 117–206 (1959); Inostrannaya Literatura, Moscow, 1963).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    E. E. Milanovsky, Evolution and Current State of the Problem of Expansion and Pulsation of the Earth (Nauka, Moscow, 1984) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. E. Milanovsky, “The Earth’s Pulsations,” Geotektonika 19(5), 3–24 (1995).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Paleomagnetology, Ed. by A. N. Khramov (Nedra, Leningrad, 1982) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    E. N. Parker, Cosmical Magnetic Fields: Their Origin and Their Activity (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1979; Mir, Moscow, 1982).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    N. I. Pavlenkova, “The Earth’s Crust and Mantle Structure and Global Geotectonics,” in Controversies in Plate Tectonics and Possible Alternatives (Moscow, 2002), pp. 64–83 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. E. Popov, “Main Aspects of Evolution of Iron Formations in the History of Continental Blocks of the Earth’s Crust,” in Minerals, Rocks, and Mineral Deposits in Geological History (Nauka, Leningrad, 1985), pp. 79–85 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    V. E. Popov and V. A. Stromov, “Geomagnetism and Tectonic Evolution of the Lithosphere,” in Proceedings of III International Congress on Space, Time, and Gravitation (St. Petersburg, 1996), Part 2, pp. 228–239 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    V. V. Popov, Geological Conditions of Exogenic-Hydrothermal Ore Formation (Nedra, Moscow, 1980) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. B. Ronov, Stratisphere, or the Earth’s Sedimentary Shell (Nauka, Moscow, 1993) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    D. V. Rundquist, “Evolution of Ore Formation in Time,” in Geological Structure of the USSR (Nedra, Leningrad, 1969), Vol. 5, pp. 303–331 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. V. Rundquist, “Evolution Series, Zoning Rhythms, and the General Evolution Trend of Geological and Ore Formations,” in Spatial Distribution of Mineral Resources (Nauka, Moscow, 1988), Vol. 15, pp. 250–267 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    D. V. Rundquist, “Time Factor in the Formation of Hydrothermal Deposits: Periods, Epochs, Megastages, and Stages of Ore Formation,” Geol. Rudn. Mestorozhd. 39(1), 11–24 (1997) [Geol. Ore Deposits 39 (1), 8–19 (1997)].Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    A. D. Shcheglov, Main Problems of Modern Metallogeny (Nedra, Leningrad, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    V. I. Smirnov, “Endogenic Ore Formation in Geological History,” Geol. Rudn. Mestorozhd. 24(4), 3–20 (1982).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    V. I. Smirnov, “Periodicity of Ore Formation in Geological History,” in Metallogeny and Ore Deposits (Nauka, Moscow, 1984), pp. 3–10 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    H. Stille, Selected Works (Mir, Moscow, 1964).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    N. G. Sudovikov, “Metasomatic Granites,” Vestn. Leningr. Univ., No. 10, 78–110 (1950).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    W. Su, R. I. Woodward, and A. M. Dziewonsk, “Degree 12 Model of Shear Velocity Heterogenety in the Mantle,” J. Geophys. Res. 99(B4), 6945–6980 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    B. S. Vol’vovsky, The Lithosphere and the Asthenosphere of the Earth (Nat. Geophys. Committee, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1996) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    N. A. Yasamanov, Ancient Climates of the Earth (Nedra, Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Karpinsky All-Russia Research Institute of GeologySt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations