Cost prospects for hydrogen centralized production
- 54 Downloads
This paper looks at the most promising technologies of hydrogen production and transportation. Specially developed economical-technological models were used to develop projections of the expected cost of hydrogen in centralized systems of production and transportation. The projections reflect the wide variation of initial parameters and the uncertainty of technological and market conditions. The authorsÙ analysis identified the most promising technologies of centralized production of hydrogen, which can secure its entrance to the Russian domestic market within the next 15–20 years.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Extern—Externalities of Energy: A Research Project of the EC, vols 1–10, 1995–2005, http://www.externe.info/publications.html.
- 2.National Vision of America’a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy—to 2030 and Beyond? (U.S. DOE, 2002).Google Scholar
- 3.European Hydrogen & Fuel Cell. Technology Platform. Implementation Plan. Status 2006 (Implementation Panel, 2007).Google Scholar
- 4.Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (Brussels, 2007).Google Scholar
- 5.“Japan Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Demonstration Project,” www.jhfc.jp/data/pamphlet/pdf/pamphlet.pdf.
- 6.Yu. V. Sinyak, “Prospects for Hydrogen Use in Decentralized Power and Heat Supply Systems,” Probl. Prognozir. 18(3) (2007) [Stud. Russ. Econ. Dev. 18 (3) (2007)].Google Scholar
- 7.Hydrogen Production & Distribution, IEA Energy Technology Essentials, April 2007, http://www.iea.org/Textbase/techno/essentials5.pdf.
- 8.T. Lipman, What Will Power the Hydrogen Economy? Present and Future Sources of Hydrogen Energy, Energy and Resources Group, July 12 (2004), http://rael.berkeley.edu/files/2004/Lipman-NRDC-Hydrogen-Economy-2004.pdf.
- 9.E. E. Shpil’rain, S. P. Malyshenko, and G. G. Kuleshov, Introduction to Hydrogen Energy (Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1984) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 10.K. Schultz, Use of the Modular Helium Reactor for Hydrogen Production,Ê in World Nuclear Association Annual Symposium, London, 3–5 September, 2003, http://www.world-nuclear.org/sym/2003/pdf/schultz.pdf.
- 11.A. S. Nekrasov and Yu. V. Sinyak, “Russia’s Fuel and Energy Complex: Development Prospects for the Period to 2030,” Probl. Prognozir. 18(4) (2007) [Stud. Russ. Econ. Dev. 18 (4) (2007)].Google Scholar
- 12.M. Levene, K. Mann, R. Margolis, and A. Milbrandt, “An Analysis of Hydrogen Production from Renewable Electricity Sources,” Preprint No. J.I. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared for ISES 2005 Solar World Congress, Orlando, Florida. Aug. 6–12, 2005.Google Scholar
- 13.D. Simbeck and E. Chang, “Hydrogen Supply: Cost Estimate for Hydrogen Pathways. Scoping Analysis,” SFA Pacific, Inc. Mountain View, California, Jan. 22, 2002–July, 22 2002, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy03osti/32525.pdf.
- 14.W. Amos, “Costs of Storing and Transporting Hydrogen,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Nov. 1998, http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/25106.pdf.
- 15.B. Henderson, The Experience Curve, 1974, https://gsbapps.stanford.edu/researchpapers/library/RP641.pdf.
- 16.Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030, DOE/EIA, Energy Information Administration, U.S.Department of Energy, Feb. 2007, http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/pdf/notes&sources.pdf.
- 17.Oil & Gas Journal Online (2007), http://www.ogi.com.
- 18.A. Lovins, Twenty Hydrogen Myths, Rocky Mountain Institute, June 20, 2003, http://www.rmi.org/images/other/Energy/E03-05_20HydrogenMyths.pdf.
- 19.H. Tawfik, 1Hydrogen Economy & (PEM) Fuel Cells, Institute for Manufacturing Research, Sept. 2003, http://www.ieee.li/pdf/viewgraphs_fuel_cell.pdf.
- 20.C. E. G. Padro and V. Putsche, “Survey of the Economics of Hydrogen Technologies,” NREL, Sept. 1999, http://www1. eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/27079.pdf
- 21.L. C. Brown, G. E. Besenbruch, J. E. Fink, et al., “High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Energy. A Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI), Project for the U.S. Department of Energy,” Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Annual Review, May 6, 2002, http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/32405d.pdf.
- 22.J. Ogden and J. Nitsch, “Solar Hydrogen,” in T. B. Johansson et al., Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity (Island Press, Washington, D.C., 1993).Google Scholar
- 23.U.S. Department of Energy, http://www.energy.gov.
- 24.R. McConnell and J. Thompson, “Generating Hydrogen through Water Electrolysis Using Concentrator Photovoltaics.” Presented at the 2004 DOE Solar Energy Technologies, Program Review Meeting, Denver, Colorado, Oct. 25–28, 2004, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy05osti/37093.pdf.