Synthesis of chiral benzoacridinone derivatives by three-component condensation of [(1S,4S)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ylidene]acetaldehyde with naphthalen-1-amine and cyclic β-diketones
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Three-component condensation of [(1S,4S)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ylidene]acetaldehyde with naphthalen-1-amine and cyclic β-diketones gave 7-[(1S,4S)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ylidenemethyl]-7,8,9,10,11,12-hexahydro-7H-benzo[c]acridin-8-one derivatives possessing three or more asymmetric carbon atoms. Steric factors were found to be responsible for the predominant formation of the (7R)-isomers (R/S ≈ 7: 5) and orientation of substituents in the cyclohexenone fragment. The same factors determined complete regioselectivity of the reaction with methyl 2,4-dioxocyclohexane-1-carboxylates as dicarbonyl component, which led to exclusive formation of methyl 8-oxobenzoacridine-11-carboxylates. In the reaction of [(1S,4S)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ylidene]acetaldehyde with naphthalen-1-amine and barbituric acid as dicarbonyl component, the only product was that formed by two-component condensation of barbituric acid with bicyclic aldehyde.
KeywordsBarbituric Acid Hexahydro Bornane Dimethyl Malonate Methoxycarbonyl Group
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