Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry

, Volume 90, Issue 10, pp 1572–1578 | Cite as

Structure and Thermal Stability of Nanostructured Precursor Powders of Copper(I) Sulfide and Selenide

  • L. N. Maskaeva
  • V. F. Markov
  • E. A. Fedorova
  • I. A. Berg
  • R. F. Samigullina
  • V. I. Voronin
Inorganic Synthesis and Industrial Inorganic Chemistry
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

The hydrochemical precipitation method at 298 and 333 K with, respectively, thiocarbamide and sodium selenosulfate was used to obtain nanostructured powders of copper sulfide with formula composition Cu2S, which are composed of globules 200–500 nm in diameter, formed by 70–100-nm particles, and copper(I) selenide, composed of crystallites with polyhedral shape, sizes of 80 to 500 nm, and a formula composition Cu1.84Se. An X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the orthorhombic Cu2S structure (space group no. 39-Abm2) with unit cell parameters a = 1.182 nm, b = 2.705 nm, and c = 1.343 nm. Powders of Cu1.84Se copper selenide have a cubic structure (space group Fm3m) with lattice constant a = 0.5693 nm. A thermal analysis demonstrated that the chemically precipitated Cu2S and Cu1.84Se powders have a stable elemental composition up to 200–240°C. An intense oxidation of the samples begins at a temperature exceeding 250°C and is accompanied by a sharp decrease in their content of sulfur (selenium) and by an increase in the content of oxygen.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. N. Maskaeva
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. F. Markov
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. A. Fedorova
    • 1
  • I. A. Berg
    • 1
  • R. F. Samigullina
    • 3
  • V. I. Voronin
    • 4
  1. 1.Ural Federal University Named after the First President of Russia B.N.YeltsinYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Ural Institute of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of RussiaYekaterinburgRussia
  3. 3.The Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  4. 4.Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

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