Tolerant cathode catalysts for direct methanol fuel cell
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Effect of methanol on the reduction kinetics of oxygen on highly dispersed catalysts 60Pt/C (HiSPEC 9100), 40Pt/carbon nanotubes, and CoFe/carbon nanotubes for the cathode of a direct methanol-oxygen fuel cell was studied. It was shown that the CoFe/carbon nanotubes catalyst surpasses the platinum systems in tolerance to the alcohol. It was found that the tolerance of the cathode catalyst strongly affects the current–voltage characteristics of the fuel cell, which is the principal result of the study and constitutes its scientific novelty. The maximum power density of an alkaline methanol-oxygen fuel cell with nonplatinum cathode (260 mW cm–2) exceeds the characteristics of similar fuel cells with platinum cathode catalysts, both obtained in the present study and described in the literature, which points to the practical importance of the study.
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