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Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 218–225 | Cite as

Holocene Dynamics of Vegetation and Ecological Conditions in the Center of the East European Plain

  • E. Yu. Novenko
  • N. G. Mazei
  • D. A. Kupriyanov
  • E. M. Volkova
  • A. N. Tsyganov
Article

Abstract

Changes in the vegetation and fire regimes in the central East European Plain during the second half of the Holocene have been reconstructed based on the results of paleobotanical analysis and radiocarbon dating of material from a section of peat deposit in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve. It has been shown that birch–pine forests were widespread in the region between 7000 and 5000 yr BP, with the frequency of fires in that period being high (the fire return interval ranged from 10–20 to 100 years). Beginning from 5000 yr BP and to the early 20th century, broadleaf forests were dominant, with the fire return interval increasing to 300–500 years or longer.

Keywords

the Holocene palynological spectrum botanical analysis of peat paleoecological reconstruction vegetation dynamics peat bog 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Yu. Novenko
    • 1
    • 2
  • N. G. Mazei
    • 1
    • 3
  • D. A. Kupriyanov
    • 1
  • E. M. Volkova
    • 4
  • A. N. Tsyganov
    • 5
  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Water ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Tula State UniversityTulaRussia
  5. 5.Penza State UniversityPenzaRussia

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