Analytical Solution of the Minimum Time Slew Maneuver Problem for an Axially Symmetric Spacecraft in the Class of Conical Motions
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The conventional problem of the time-optimal slew of a spacecraft considered as a solid body with a single symmetry axis subject to arbitrary boundary conditions for the attitude and angular velocity is considered in the quaternion statement. By making certain changes of variables, the original dynamic Euler equations are simplified, and the problem turns into the optimal slew problem for a solid body with a spherical distribution of mass containing one additional scalar differential equation. For this problem, a new analytical solution in the class of conical motions is found; in this solution, the initial and terminal attitudes of the space vehicle belong to the same cone realized under a bounded control. A modification of the optimal slew problem in the class of generalized conical motions is made that makes it possible to obtain its analytical solution under arbitrary boundary conditions for the attitude and angular velocity of the spacecraft. A numerical example of a spacecraft’s conical motion and examples demonstrating the proximity of the solutions of the conventional and modified optimal slew problems of an axially symmetric spacecraft are discussed.
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