Soil Cover of the Cis-Ol’khon Area, Baikal Region


Active development of the Cis-Ol’khon area in the past decades enhanced the conflicts between land users related to multifunctional land use (residential, agricultural, recreational, and nature-protective), which should be resolved on the basis of scientific data. The aim of this study is to compile a soil map of the coastal zone of the Ol’khon Plateau of 26.3 km2 in area. This area is subjected to increasing recreational impact against the background of grazing and residential land use. Small-scale soil maps of this area show only the most general regularities of the geographical distribution of soils and do not reflect specific features of the soil cover. A digital soil map (on a scale of 1 : 25 000) of the area around the Kurkut Bay was compiled on the basis of the landscape-typological map by M.V. Zagorskaya and a network of 71 soil pits examined in 2015–2018). The classification of Russian soils of 2004 was used for the legend of the soil map; it was also correlated with the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB-2014) system and the Classification and Diagnostics of Soils of the Soviet Union (1977), which was used in the soil map of the Elantsy state farm. Soil subtypes reflecting the entire range of soils in the studied area are the main taxonomic units in the legend for the soil map. Small and frequently alternating elementary soil areas in the studied region are formed under the impact of contrasting soil-forming factors. Lithozems (Leptosols) and gray-humus soils (Dystric Leptosols) occupy the main area. The analytical data and the soil map may be used as the basis for soil monitoring.

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This study was performed within the framework of state assignment (registration nos. AAAA-A17-117041910169-4, AAAA-A17-117041910167-0AA) and was partially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 17-05-00588) and the Russian Geographical Society (project no. 17-05-41020 RGO–RFFI).

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Correspondence to T. I. Znamenskaya.

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Translated by I. Bel’chenko

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Znamenskaya, T.I., Solodyankina, S.V. & Vanteeva, Y.V. Soil Cover of the Cis-Ol’khon Area, Baikal Region. Eurasian Soil Sc. 53, 707–714 (2020).

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  • soil map
  • soil classification
  • Leptosols