Effects of Different Organic Materials Application on Soil Physicochemical Properties in a Primary Saline-Alkali Soil

Abstract

The application of agricultural wastes to the soil does not only improve soil fertility but also helps in the recycling of agricultural waste resources. However, the effects of agricultural organic materials on soil physicochemical properties in primary saline and alkaline lands unsatisfactory. In this study, the effects of different organic materials on the physicochemical properties of primary saline-alkali soil were studied in the west of Jilin province for two consecutive years. The organic materials included: grass (FG), sheep manure (SM), coarse corn straw (CS), and granular corn straw (GS). Soil pH, EC, total salt content, CEC, exchangeable sodium, ESP, organic matter, field capacity, water immersed bulk density, sedimentation coefficient, hardness and the morphological characteristics of soil aggregates were measured by conventional methods. CEC, SOM, and the physical properties varied significantly among the different treatments, whereas pH, EC, total salt content and exchangeable sodium did not. Moreover, the morphology of the organic materials significantly affected pH, EC1 : 5, total salt content, SOM and physical properties of the soil however, it did not affect the CEC, exchangeable sodium and ESP. Comparing granular corn straw with coarse corn straw, granular corn straw increased the SOM and field capacity by 48.5 and 17.0% respectively and decreased the pH, EC1 : 5, total salt content, water immersed bulk density, sedimentation coefficient and soil hardness by 2.6, 2.4, 3.7, 11.3, 6.2 and 7.7% respectively. In conclusion, the application of organic materials effectively improved the physical and chemical properties in the saline-alkali soil however did not cause a complete change in the saline-alkaline nature of the soil. The morphology of the organic materials also significantly affected soil properties, with granular corn straw having a better effect than the other treatments.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by the Key Research Program of the Science and Technology Agency of Jilin Province, China (20190301018NY). This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0300203, 2017YFD0201801).

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Correspondence to Jinggui Wu.

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Xiaodong Chen, Yaa, O. & Wu, J. Effects of Different Organic Materials Application on Soil Physicochemical Properties in a Primary Saline-Alkali Soil. Eurasian Soil Sc. 53, 798–808 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229320060034

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Keywords:

  • coarse corn straw
  • granular corn straw
  • irrigation
  • morphology of organic material