The application of agricultural wastes to the soil does not only improve soil fertility but also helps in the recycling of agricultural waste resources. However, the effects of agricultural organic materials on soil physicochemical properties in primary saline and alkaline lands unsatisfactory. In this study, the effects of different organic materials on the physicochemical properties of primary saline-alkali soil were studied in the west of Jilin province for two consecutive years. The organic materials included: grass (FG), sheep manure (SM), coarse corn straw (CS), and granular corn straw (GS). Soil pH, EC, total salt content, CEC, exchangeable sodium, ESP, organic matter, field capacity, water immersed bulk density, sedimentation coefficient, hardness and the morphological characteristics of soil aggregates were measured by conventional methods. CEC, SOM, and the physical properties varied significantly among the different treatments, whereas pH, EC, total salt content and exchangeable sodium did not. Moreover, the morphology of the organic materials significantly affected pH, EC1 : 5, total salt content, SOM and physical properties of the soil however, it did not affect the CEC, exchangeable sodium and ESP. Comparing granular corn straw with coarse corn straw, granular corn straw increased the SOM and field capacity by 48.5 and 17.0% respectively and decreased the pH, EC1 : 5, total salt content, water immersed bulk density, sedimentation coefficient and soil hardness by 2.6, 2.4, 3.7, 11.3, 6.2 and 7.7% respectively. In conclusion, the application of organic materials effectively improved the physical and chemical properties in the saline-alkali soil however did not cause a complete change in the saline-alkaline nature of the soil. The morphology of the organic materials also significantly affected soil properties, with granular corn straw having a better effect than the other treatments.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
A. A. Abd El-Halim and B. Lennartz, “Amendment with sugarcane pith improves the hydrophysical characteristics of saline-sodic soil,” Eur. J. Soil Sci. 68 (3), 327–335 (2017).https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12426
Agriculture Department of China, 2015. http://www. soil.csdb.cn/page/indexpage.
S. A. Al-Khamisi, M. Al-Wardy, M. Ahmed, and S. A. Prathapar, “Impact of reclaimed water irrigation on soil salinity, hydraulic conductivity, cation exchange capacity and macro-nutrients,” J. Agric. Mar. Sci. 21, 7–18 (2016). https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-0228.2018.00032.4
D. A. Angers and S. Recous, “Decomposition of wheat straw and rye residues as affected by particle size,” Plant Soil 189 (2), 197–203 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1004207219678
K. Arora, S. K. Chaudhari, J. A. Farooqi, and A. K. Rai, “Chemical properties of the salt-affected soils and performance of wheat (Triticum aestivum) with saline and alkali water irrigation,” J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 66 (3), 258–267 (2018). https://doi.org/10.24200/jams.vol21iss0pp7-18
M. Ashraf, “Biotechnological approach of improving plant salt tolerance using antioxidants as markers,” Biotechnol. Adv. 27 (1), 84–93 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.09.003
S. D. Bao, Agriculture Soil Chemical Analysis (Science Press, Beijing, 2000).
C. Briedis, J. C. de Moraes Sá, E. F. Caires, J. de Fátima Navarro, T. M. Inagaki, A. Boer, C. Q. Neto, A. de Oliveira Ferreira, L. B. Canalli, and J. B. Dos Santos, “Soil organic matter pools and carbon-protection mechanisms in aggregate classes influenced by surface liming in a no-till system,” Geoderma 170, 80–88 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.10.011
D. M. Cabiles, O. R. Angeles, S. E. Johnson-Beebout, P. B. Sanchez, and R. J. Buresh, “Faster residue decomposition of brittle stem rice mutant due to finer breakage during threshing,” Soil Tillage Res. 98 (2), pp. 211–216 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2007.12.004
Y. F. Cao, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, K. Liu, and J. L. Lv, “Changes of organic structures of crop residues during decomposition,” J. Agro-Environ. Sci. 5, 976–984 (2016).
Y. F. Cao, PhD Thesis (Northwest A&F University, Shaanxi, 2016)
Y. H. Cheng, L. Wu, H. J. Sun, Y. J. Zhong, Y. M. Sun, and X. L. Zhang, “Effects of straw mulching and Vetiver grass hedgerows on the size distribution of the soil water stable aggregates and aggregate-associated organic carbon in red soil,” Acta Ecol. Sin. 36 (12), 3518–3524 (2016). https://doi.org/10.5846/stxb201410202056
C. M. Chi, C. W. Zhao, X. J. Sun, and Z. C. Wang, “Reclamation of saline-sodic soil properties and improvement of rice growth and yield using desulfurized gypsum in the west of Songnen Plain, northeast China”, Geoderma 187, 24–30 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.04.005
C. Deng, L. D. Bi, J. T. Qin, T. L. Zhang, and X. C. Yu, “Effects of long-term fertilization on soil property changes and soil microbial biomass,” Soils 45 (5), 888–893 (2013). https://doi.org/10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2013.05.019
H. Dong, W. Li, W. Tang, and D. Zhang, “Early plastic mulching increases stand establishment and lint yield of cotton in saline fields,” Field Crops Res. 111 (3), 269–275 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2009.01.001
S. Y. Gu, X. He, Y. L. Nie, Y. H. Zhang, Y. Yang, X. W. Yu, and Z. M. Wei, “Effects of organic fertilizer application on fluorescence characteristics of fulvic acid in saline soil,” Res. Environ. Sci. 29 (5), 724–730 (2016). https://doi.org/10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2016.05.14
J. Han, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. U. Weijia, L. Jiao, and W. Wang, “Effects of corn straw and sewage sludge on chemical indicators of saline alkali land,” Res. Soil Water Conserv., (2017). https://doi.org/10.13869/j.cnki.rswc.2017.03.019
R. C. He, J. G. Wu, and J. M. Li, “Effects of different organic materials on the characteristics of water stable aggregates in primary saline alkali soil,” J. Soil Water Conserv. 31 (3), 310–316 (2017). https://doi.org/10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2017.03.051
H. H. Hou, C. T. Wang, X. D. Wang, and F. H. Gao, “Study of improvement effects by biological measures in the Yellow River delta saline-alkali soil,” China Rural Water Hydropower 7, 1–6 (2014).
J. Hu, J. Wu, X. Qu, and J. Li, “Effects of organic wastes on structural characterizations of humic acid in semiarid soil under plastic mulched drip irrigation,” Chemosphere 200, 313–321 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.02.128
J. Hu, J. Wu, S. Ahmed, S. Jimei, and X. Qu, “Effects of organic wastes on structural characterizations of fulvic acid in semiarid soil under plastic mulched drip irrigation,” Chemosphere 234, 830–836 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.118
J. F. Huang and H. Wu, “Sorption-desorption of Cd2+ ion in several soil colloids in the presence of oxalic acid and citric acid,” Acta Pedol. Sin. 41 (4), 558–563 (2008).
M. Ji, “Harm and improvement of saline alkali land,” Green Technol. 7, 122–124 (2016). https://doi.org/10.16663/j.cnki.lskj.2018.21.041
F. J. Larney and D. A. Angers, “The role of organic amendments in soil reclamation: A review,” Can. J. Soil Sci. 92, 19–38 (2012).
A. Lax, E. Diaz, V. Castillo, and J. Albaladejo, “Reclamation of physical and chemical properties of a salinized soil by organic amendment,” Arid Soil Res. Rehabil. 8 (1), 9–17 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1080/15324989309381374
Y. Liang, J. Si, M. Nikolic, Y. Peng, W. Chen, and Y. Jiang, “Organic manure stimulates biological activity and barley growth in soil subject to secondary salinization,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 37 (6), 1185–1195 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2004.11.017
B. Liang, J. Lehmann, D. Solomon, J. Kinyangi, J. Grossman, B. O’Neill, J. O. Skjemstad, J. Thies, F. J. Luizao, J. Petersen, and E. G. Neves, “Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70, 1719–1730 (2006). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2005.0383
P. Long, W. S. Gao, P. Sui, L. L. Yan, and Y. Q. Cheng, “Effects of agricultural organic wastes incorporation on soil water-stable aggregates and C, N contents,” J. China Agric. Univ. 19 (6), 107–118 (2014).
C. Luo, G. Xiao, F. Zhang, and L. I. Qian, “Effects of different salt stresses on rice yield and quality,” J. Arid Land Res. Environ. 31 (1), 137–141 (2017). https://doi.org/10.13448/j.cnki.jalre.2017.023
A. N. Oo, C. B. Iwai, and P. Saenjan, “Soil properties and maize growth in saline and nonsaline soils using cassava-industrial waste compost and vermicompost with or without earthworms,” Land Degrad. Dev. 26 (3), 300–310 (2013). doi 101002/ldr2208.
D. L. Qing, S. L. Wang, Y. H. Liu, J. J. Nie, N. Zhao, L. L. Mao, X. L. Song, X. Z. Sun, “Effects of cotton stalk returning on soil physical and chemical properties and cotton yield in coastal saline-alkali soil,” Acta Agron. Sin. 43 (7), 1030–1042 (2017).
R. Smith, D. Tongway, M. Tighe, and N. Reid, “When does organic carbon induce aggregate stability in vertosols?” Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 201 (3), 92–100 (2015).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.12.002
R. Spaccini, J. S. C. Mbagwu, P. Conte, and A. Piccolo, “Changes of humic substances characteristics from forested to cultivated soils in Ethiopia,” Geoderma 132, 9–19 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.04.015
C. Spanò, M. Balestri, S. Bottega, I. Grilli, L. M. C. Forino, and D. Ciccarelli, “Anthemis maritima l. in different coastal habitats: a tool to explore plant plasticity,” Estuarine, Coastal Shelf Sci. 129, 105–111 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2013.06.005
B. A. Summerell and L. W. Burgess, “Decomposition and chemical composition of cereal straw,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 21 (4), 551–559 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(89)90129-6
Y. T. Sun, L. R. Zhou, Q. F. Meng, J. Zhao, and M. A. Xian-Fa, “Effects of long-term manure application on distribution of soil water-stable aggregated organic carbon and nitrogen in meadow alkaline soils,” Soil Fertil. Sci. China 33 (1), 6–85 (2014).
M. Tejada, C. Garcia, J. L. Gonzalez, and M. T. Hernandez, “Use of organic amendment as a strategy for saline soil remediation: influence on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 38 (6) 1413–1421 (2006).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.10.017
D. J. Walker and M. P. Bernal, “The effects of olive mill waste compost and poultry manure on the availability and plant uptake of nutrients in a highly saline soil,” Bioresour. Technol. 99 (2), 396–403 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.12.006
L. Wang, X. Sun, S. Li, T. Zhang, W. Zhang, and P. Zhai, “Application of organic amendments to a coastal saline soil in north China: effects on soil physical and chemical properties and tree growth,” PloS One 9 (2), e89185 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089185
Y. U. Yan, M. J. Xia, D. Y. Pei, and L. U. Zhao-Hua, “Effects of organic amendments on severe saline soil nutrient content and reed growth under wastewater irrigation,” Chin. J. Eco-Agric. 21 (4), 448 (2013).
K. Yu, H. Feng, Y. Zhao, and Q. G. Dong, “Ammoniated straw incorporation promoting straw decomposition and improving winter wheat yield and water use efficiency,” Trans. Chin. Soc. Agric. Eng. 31 (19), 103–111 (2015).
Q. H. Zhan, C. L. Yuan, and X. P. Zhang, “Ameliorative effect and mechanism of organic materials on Vertisol,” Acta Pedol. Sin. 40 (3), 420–425 (2003).
J. C. Zhang, Y. Y. Liu, H. He, L. Ren, and Z. M. Zhang, “Research advances on mechanism of organic carbon sequestration in soil aggregates,” Fujian J. Agric. Sci. 31 (3), 319–325 (2016).https://doi.org/10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2016.03.021
Y. W. Zhang, W. B. Mao, H. M. Liu, Y. X. Sun, L. M. Jia, and Q. K. Zheng, “Effects of straw turnover on physical properties of coastal saline clay and cotton yield,” Chin. Agric. Sci. Bull. 6, 75–80 (2016).
L. Zhao and C. T. Liu, “Effects of different organic materials on soil fertility and aggregates stability,” J. Northw. A & F Univ. 19 (6), 107–118 (2013). https://doi.org/10.13207/j.cnki.jnwafu.2013.02.014
This work was supported by the Key Research Program of the Science and Technology Agency of Jilin Province, China (20190301018NY). This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0300203, 2017YFD0201801).
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
About this article
Cite this article
Xiaodong Chen, Yaa, O. & Wu, J. Effects of Different Organic Materials Application on Soil Physicochemical Properties in a Primary Saline-Alkali Soil. Eurasian Soil Sc. 53, 798–808 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229320060034
- coarse corn straw
- granular corn straw
- morphology of organic material