The vertical zonality of the soil cover of the Verkhoyansk mountainous soil province is discussed. The soils of the landscape-ecological profile in the area of the Arkachan Plateau (65° N, 130° E) have been studied. Their morphogenetic characteristics and position in the new Russian soil classification system are analyzed. The absolute height of the mountains reaches 1200 m, the relative height ranges from 400 to 500 m. The plateau is composed of sandstone, siltstone, and shale of the Mesozoic age. The climate is cold and sharply continental. Permafrost has a continuous character. However, in the profile of mountainous soils, permafrost is often absent, as its upper table lies below the stony soil profile. In the vertical zonality of the Arkachan Plateau, mountainous tundra zone (>1100 m a.s.l.) and mountainous taiga zone (<1000 m a.s.l.) predominate and are characterized by the development of lithozems (Leptosols), peat lithozems (Cryic Epirockic Histosols), and mucky lithozems (Eutric Histic Skeletic Leptosols). On the terraces of mountain rivers, thin gleyic cryozems (Turbic Cryosols) are formed; stony peat gleyzems (Histic Reductaquic Cryosols) are found in accumulative zones on slopes, and gray-humus alluvial soils (Skeletic Leptosols) are developed on the floodplains. Thin profiles, peaty and raw-humus organic horizons, stoniness, acid or slightly acid reaction, low base saturation in topsoil horizons, and weakly pronounced morphological and physicochemical differentiation of the profile are typical of all the studied soils. The results of this study can be used to develop the database on poorly studied soils of mountainous areas and their characteristic features.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
V. N. Andreev, T. F. Galaktionova, V. I. Perfil’eva, and I. P. Shcherbakov, General Characteristics of Vegetation Cover of Yakutian ASSR (Yakut Branch, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Yakutsk, 1987) [in Russian].
E. V. Arinushkina, Manual for the Chemical Analysis of Soils (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1970) [in Russian].
V. V. Aristov, M. M. Konstantinov, G. Yu. Orlova, K. V. Solov’ev, V. N. Solov’ev, N. E. Tyamisov, N. P. Zadorozhnyi, G. D. Zolotilina, and V. I. Ustinov, “The Arkachan gold deposit, Western Verkhoyan,” Rudy Met., No. 4, 15–30 (2003).
G. M. Bystryakov, Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Moscow, 1979).
A. P. Vas’kovskii, “Geographical features of forest soils in the extreme northeast of the Soviet Union,” Kraeved. Zap., No. 3, 72–109 (1960).
V. I. Volkovintser, Steppe Cryoarid Soils (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1978) [in Russian].
Geomorphology of Eastern Yakutia, Ed. by N. A. Grave (Yakut. Knizhn. Izd., Yakutsk, 1967) [in Russian].
A. A. Grigor’ev, “Geology, relief, and soils of the northwestern part of the Lena–Amga Plateau and Verkhoyansk Ridge according to expedition of 1925,” in The Materials of Commission on the Study of Yakutian ASSR (Academy of Sciences of USSR, Leningrad, 1926), No. 4.
R. V. Desyatkin, “Analysis of direct and indirect effect of construction works and exploitation of industrial objects in Western Yakutia,” in The Extreme North: Ecological Problems (Resurs-Info, Moscow, 1999), pp. 51–56.
R. V. Desyatkin, M. V. Okoneshnikova, and A. R. Desyatkin, Soils of Yakutia (Bichik, Yakutsk, 2009) [in Russian].
L. G. Elovskaya, E. I. Petrova, and L. V. Teterina, Soils of Northern Yakutia (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1979) [in Russian].
A. Z. Ivanova and R. V. Desyatkin, “Permafrost soils of the Alazeya River basin,” Nauka Obraz., No. 2 (62), 70–73 (2011).
I. V. Ignatenko, I. E. Bogdanov, and A. A. Pugachev, “Al–Fe-humus podzols of Magadan oblast,” in Geography and Genesis of Soils of Magadan Oblast, Ed. by I. V. Ignatenko (Far Eastern Scientific Center, Academy of Sciences of Soviet Union, Vladivostok, 1980), pp. 123–242.
I. V. Ignatenko and N. V. Khavkina, “Podburs of the extreme northeast of the Soviet Union,” in Geography and Genesis of Soils of Magadan Oblast, Ed. by I. V. Ignatenko (Far Eastern Scientific Center, Academy of Sciences of Soviet Union, Vladivostok, 1980), pp. 93–118.
N. A. Kachinskii, Mechanical and Microaggregate Compositions of Soils and Their Study (Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union, Moscow, 1958) [in Russian].
L. L. Shishov, V. D. Tonkonogov, I. I. Lebedeva, and M. I. Gerasimova, Classification and Diagnostic System of Russian Soils (Oikumena, Smolensk, 2004) [in Russian].
E. M. Naumov, Doctoral Dissertation in Agriculture (Moscow, 1993).
E. M. Naumov and B. P. Gradusov, Specificity of Taiga Pedogenesis in the Extreme Northeast of Eurasia (Kolos, Moscow, 1974) [in Russian].
Handbook on Climate of the Soviet Union, No. 24: Yakutia ASSR (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1989), Book 1.
M. V. Okoneshnicova, “Soils of Kharaulakh Range at the most distant northern forest edge,” Sovrem. Probl. Nauki Obraz., No. 5, (2016). http://science-education. ru/ru/article/view?id=25203.
M. V. Okoneshnikova and R. V. Desyatkin, “Soils of northern spurs of the Cherskii Ridge in the area of the northern pole of cold: Morphology, properties, and classification,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 50, 898–906 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229317080099
Field Guide for Identification of Russian Soils (Dokuchaev Soil Science Inst., Moscow, 2008) [in Russian].
I. A. Sokolov and G. M. Bystryakov, “Pale soils of northern taiga of Eastern Siberia and the Far East,” Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 17: Pochvoved., No. 1, 30–37 (1980).
V. O. Targulian, Pedogenesis and Weathering in Cold Humid Regions (Nauka, Moscow, 1971) [in Russian].
L. V. Teterina, Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Leningrad, 1965).
I. S. Urusevskaya, “Types of the vertical soil zonality and the soil–geographic zoning of mountain systems in Russia,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 40, 1145–1157 (2007).
A. N. Fedorov, T. A. Botulu, and S. P. Varlamov, Permafrost Landscapes of Yakutia: Explanatory Note to the Permafrost-Landscape Map of Yakut ASSR, Scale 1 : 2 500 000 (General Office of Geodesy and Cartography of USSR, Novosibirsk, 1989) [in Russian].
IUSS Working Group WRB, World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, Update 2015, International Soil Classification System for Naming Soils and Creating Legends for Soil Maps, World Soil Resources Reports No. 106 (UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, 2015).
This study was performed within the framework of project no. 0376-2019-0006 of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (registration number AAAA-A19-119040990002-1) and partly supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 19-29-05151\19).
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Translated by D. Konyushkov
About this article
Cite this article
Okoneshnikova, M.V., Ivanova, A.Z. & Desyatkin, R.V. Soils of the Verkhoyansk Range in the Area of Arkachan Plateau. Eurasian Soil Sc. 53, 535–543 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229320050105
- Arkachan Plateau
- mountainous soils