Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 371–384 | Cite as

Soils of Mountainous Forests and Their Transformation under the Impact of Fires in Baikal Region

Genesis and Geography of Soils

Abstract

Data on postpyrogenic dynamics of soils under mountainous taiga cedar (Pinus sibirica) and pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests and subtaiga–forest-steppe pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests in the Baikal region are analyzed. Ground litter–humus fires predominating in this region transform the upper diagnostic organic soil horizons and lead to the formation of new pyrogenic organic horizons (Opir). Adverse effects of ground fires on the stock, fractional composition, and water-physical properties of forest litters are shown. Some quantitative parameters of the liquid and solid surface runoff in burnt areas related to the slope gradient, fire intensity, and the time passed after the fire are presented. Pyrogenic destruction of forest ecosystems inevitably induces the degradation of mountainous soils, whose restoration after fires takes tens of years. The products of soil erosion from the burnt out areas complicate the current situation with the pollution of coastal waters of Lake Baikal.

Keywords

altitudinal complexes of forest types ground litter–humus fires stock and fractional composition of forest litter pyrogenic organic soil horizons 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sukachev Institute of ForestSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarskRussia

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