Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 371–384 | Cite as

Soils of Mountainous Forests and Their Transformation under the Impact of Fires in Baikal Region

  • Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov
Genesis and Geography of Soils


Data on postpyrogenic dynamics of soils under mountainous taiga cedar (Pinus sibirica) and pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests and subtaiga–forest-steppe pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests in the Baikal region are analyzed. Ground litter–humus fires predominating in this region transform the upper diagnostic organic soil horizons and lead to the formation of new pyrogenic organic horizons (Opir). Adverse effects of ground fires on the stock, fractional composition, and water-physical properties of forest litters are shown. Some quantitative parameters of the liquid and solid surface runoff in burnt areas related to the slope gradient, fire intensity, and the time passed after the fire are presented. Pyrogenic destruction of forest ecosystems inevitably induces the degradation of mountainous soils, whose restoration after fires takes tens of years. The products of soil erosion from the burnt out areas complicate the current situation with the pollution of coastal waters of Lake Baikal.


altitudinal complexes of forest types ground litter–humus fires stock and fractional composition of forest litter pyrogenic organic soil horizons 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. F. Vadyunina and Z. A. Korchagina, Methods for Studying Soil Physical Properties (Agropromizdat, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. I. Vasenev and V. O. Targulian, Windfall and Taiga Pedogenesis (Nauka, Moscow, 1995) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. A. Vorob’eva, Chemical Analysis of Soils (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1998) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. A. Dymov, Yu. A. Dubrovsky, and D. N. Gabov, “Pyrogenic changes in iron-illuvial podzols in the middle taiga of the Komi Republic,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 47, 47–56 (2014). doi 10.1134/S1064229314020045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. D. Yevdokimenko, “Forest-ecological consequences of fires in light coniferous forests of Transbaikalia, Russ. J. Ecol. 42, 205–210 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. D. Evdokimenko, “Pyrogenic transformations of Baikal forests: retrospective and current state,” Sib. Lesn. Zh., No. 3, 64–75 (2014).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. D. Evdokimenko and Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov, “Forest ecological consequences of pyrogenic anomalies in the basin of Lake Baikal,” Sib. Lesn. Zh., 4, 66–77 (2017). doi 10.15372/SJFS201704406Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    “The Map of Geological Structure, Scale 1: 4 M,” in Baikal Lake: Atlas (Federal Service of Geodesy and Cartography, Moscow, 1993), pp. 22–23.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. L. Shishov, V. D. Tonkonogov, I. I. Lebedeva, and M. I. Gerasimova, Classification and Diagnostic System of Russian Soils (Oikumena, Smolensk, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov, “Transformation of soil-protective functions of mountain forest under the influence of fires in the central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territory,” Geogr. Nat. Resour. 34, 356–363 (2013). doi 10.1134/S1875372813040094CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov and V. N. Gorbachev, Forest Soils of the Baikal Lake Basin (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov, M. D. Evdokimenko, and Yu. S. Cherednikova, “Effect of fires on the ecosystems of subtaiga forest-steppe forests in the southwestern Baikal region,” Contemp. Probl. Ecol. 6, 477–485 (2013). doi 10.1134/S1995425513050053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. A. Kuz’min, Soils of the Central Zone of Baikal Natural Territory (Institute of Geography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, 2002) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. P. Kurbatskii, “Analysis of quantity and properties of forest combustible materials,” in Problems of Forest Pyrology (Sukachev Scientific Research Institute of Forest, Siberian Branch, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Krasnoyarsk, 1974), pp. 5–58.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. V. Lebedev, V. M. Gorbatenko, Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov, N. B. Reshetkova, and V. V. Protopopov, Environment-Forming Role of Forests of the Baikal Lake Basin (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1979) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. P. Martynov, Soils of Mountainous Cis-Baikal Area (Buryat Knizhn. Izd., Ulan-Ude, 1965) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. A. Molchanov, Hydrological Role of Forests (Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, 1960) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. I. Nazimova, I. A. Korotkov, and Yu. S. Cherednikova, “General high-altitude division of the forest cover in the mountains of Southern Siberia and their diagnostics role,” V Conference in Memoriam of Academician V.N. Sukachev “The Structure and Functions of Forest Biogeocenosises of Siberia” (Nauka, Moscow, 1987), pp. 30–64.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    I. I. Panarin, Forests of the Cis-Baikal Region (Nauka, Moscow, 1979) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. V. Pobedinskii, Pine Forests of Central Siberia and Trans-Baikal Region (Nauka, Moscow, 1965) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    The Program and Methods of Biogeocenotic Studies (Nauka, Moscow, 1974) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. E. Rodin, N. P. Remezov, and N. I. Bazilevich, Methodological Recommendations to the Analysis of Dynamics and Biological Cycle in Phytocenosises (Nauka, Leningrad, 1968) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. P. Sapozhnikov, “Role of fire in development of forest soils,” Ekologiya, No. 1, 43–46 (1976).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    I. A. Sokolov and V. O. Targulian, “Statistical analysis of the soil cover in mountainous taiga of Trans-Baikal region,” in Spatial Variation of Soil Properties (Nauka, Moscow, 1970), pp. 131–147.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    V. V. Stefin, Anthropogenic Impact on Mountain Forest Soils (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1981) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Types of Mountain Forests of Southern Siberia (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1980) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    V. P. Firsova, “Change of physicochemical properties of some soils in Urals affected by forest wildfires,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Lesn. Zh., No. 1, 13–20 (1960).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ts. Kh. Tsyzhitov and V. I. Ubugunova, Genesis and Geography of Taiga Soils in the Baikal Lake Basin (Buryat. Knizhn. Izd., Ulan-Ude, 1992) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. P. Chevychelov, Pyrogenesis and Mountain-Taiga continental Humid Automorphic Pedogenesis in Northeastern Asia by Example of Southern Yakutia (Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 1997) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    F. R. Humphreys and F. G. Craig, “Effect of fire on soil chemical, structural and hydrological properties,” in Fire and Australian Biota, Ed. by A. M. Gill, R. H. Groves, and I. R. Noble (Canberra, 1981), pp. 177–202.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. Certini, “Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review,” Oecologia 143, 1–10 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. H. Doerr and A. Cerda, “Fire effects on soil system functioning: new insights and future challenges,” Int. J. Wildland Fire 14, 339–342 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    IUSS Working Group WRB, World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, International Soil Classification System for Naming Soils and Creating Legends for Soil Maps, World Soil Resources Reports No. 106 (Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, 2014).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sukachev Institute of ForestSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarskRussia

Personalised recommendations