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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 456–469 | Cite as

Minerals in the three-component combination of agrochernozems in the Kamennaya Steppe

  • N. P. Chizhikova
  • N. B. Khitrov
  • A. A. Samsonova
  • E. B. Varlamov
  • N. A. Churilin
  • L. V. Rogovneva
  • Yu. I. Cheverdin
Mineralogy and Micromorphology of Soils

Abstract

Properties and mineralogy of fine fractions separated from agrochernozems forming a three-component noncontrasting soil combination in the Kamennaya Steppe have been characterized. The soil cover consists of zooturbated (Haplic Chernozems (Clayic, Aric, Pachic, Calcaric)), migrational-mycelial (Haplic Chernozems (Clayic, Aric, Pachic)), and clay-illuvial (Luvic Chernozems (Clayic, Aric, Pachic)) agrochernozems. All the soils are deeply quasi-gleyed because of periodical groundwater rise. The mineralogy of the fraction <1μm includes irregular mica–smectite interstratifications, di- and trioctahedral hydromicas, imperfect kaolinite, and magnesium–iron chlorite. The profile distribution of these minerals slightly varies depending on the subtype of spot-forming soils. A uniform distribution of clay minerals is observed in zooturbated agrochernozem; a poorly manifested eluvial–illuvial distribution of the smectite phase is observed in the clay-illuvial agrochernozem. The fractions of fine (1–5 μm) and medium (5–10 μm) silt consist of quartz, micas, potassium feldspars, plagioclases, kaolinite, and chlorite. There is no dominant mineral, because the share of each mineral is lower than 35–45%. The silt fractions differ in the quartz-to-mica ratio. The medium silt fraction contains more quartz, and the fine silt fraction contains more micas.

Keywords

soil cover structure three-component soil combination mineralogy smectite phase hydromicas clay fine silt medium silt 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. P. Chizhikova
    • 1
  • N. B. Khitrov
    • 1
  • A. A. Samsonova
    • 1
  • E. B. Varlamov
    • 1
  • N. A. Churilin
    • 1
  • L. V. Rogovneva
    • 1
  • Yu. I. Cheverdin
    • 2
  1. 1.Dokuchaev Soil Science InstituteMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Dokuchaev Research Institute of Agriculture of the Central Chernozemic RegionVoronezh oblastRussia

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