The Influence of the Shape of Model Hydrometeors on the Formation of Discharge between an Artificial-Thunderstorm Cell and the Ground
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We have experimentally studied how arrays of model coarse hydrometeors influence the initiation and propagation of discharge between an artificial-thunderstorm cell of negative or positive polarity and the ground. It is established for the first time that the probability of initiation and stimulation of a channeled discharge between negatively or positively charged cloud and the ground significantly depends on the shape and size of coarse hydrometeors occurring near the thunderstorm cell boundaries. The obtained results can be used in developing methods for the artificial initiation of the cloud–ground type lightning of both polarities and targeted discharge of thunderstorm clouds.
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