Simulation of Fuel Flows in Injection Systems of Demo-FNS Hybrid Facility Involving Coupled Modeling of the Core and Divertor Plasmas

Abstract

The FC-FNS fuel cycle model is used to calculate the hydrogen isotope flows in the fuel systems of a tokamak-based fusion neutron source (DEMO-FNS) with parameters R/a = 3.2 m/(L m), B = 5 T, Ip = 4–5 МА, PNBI = 30 MW, PECR = 6 MW, and DT fusion power Pfus = 40 MW. The FC-FNS (Fuel Cycle for Fusion Neutron Source) model has been significantly upgraded. For the first time, a joint simulation of gas, solid-state, and plasma flows of fuel mixtures in the regions of core and divertor plasma with the injection of neon impurity into the divertors was carried out. The possibility of reducing the fuel flows in the pumping and injection systems with the use of Ne impurity in the divertor has been substantiated. For the previously accepted scenarios of the D0 + T0 and D0 heating beam, the tritium inventories in the fuel systems were calculated taking into account the T breeding and burnup at a different T/D (fT) ratio in the core plasma. It was shown that, for the D + T beam, it is advisable use fT = 0.5, and for the D beam, it is more expedient to use fT = 0.6–0.7. The fuel injection was fundamentally revised. The main fueling method is injection of fuel pellets, which is now represented by separate D2, T2, and DT injectors and carried out from HFS and LFS. The DEMO-FNS injection system operating modes were analyzed as a function of the core parameters, and the gas flows were evaluated for various D2/T2/DT pellet-injector modes. The results obtained have allowed us to choose the fuel system configuration with the minimum tritium inventory (<2 kg) and the lowest reprocessing time.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The results of calculations on the simulation of the divertor plasma were obtained using the computing resources of the National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, http://computing.nrcki.ru/.

Funding

This work was supported in part by the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 18-72-10162).

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Correspondence to S. S. Ananyev or A. S. Kukushkin or A. V. Spitsyn or B. V. Kuteev.

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Translated by L. Mosina

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Ananyev, S.S., Dnestrovskij, A.Y., Kukushkin, A.S. et al. Simulation of Fuel Flows in Injection Systems of Demo-FNS Hybrid Facility Involving Coupled Modeling of the Core and Divertor Plasmas. Phys. Atom. Nuclei 83, 1101–1115 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063778820070017

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Keywords:

  • hydrogen isotopes
  • fusion fuel cycle
  • fusion-fission reactor
  • D–T simulation
  • fusion neutron source
  • hybrid facility
  • simulation model
  • core and divertor plasma modeling