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Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics

, Volume 126, Issue 2, pp 262–275 | Cite as

Flow Mechanisms and Diffusion Combustion of Turbulent Jets

  • V. P. Vorotilin
Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

The problem of flow and combustion of turbulent jets of fuel gas in the external medium of an oxidant (air) is solved with regard to the existence of the actual boundary of the turbulent flow region of a jet. Based on the ideas of the friction force of the external flow acting on the boundary of a jet, the entrainment equation for the external medium is derived that closes the system of equations of motion of turbulent jets. The physical meaning of the dissipation rate of the turbulent energy of a jet is interpreted as the work of the friction force. To describe the combustion kinetics, the limit of instantaneous reactions corresponding to the diffusion combustion mode is used. Calculations of the effective reaction rates for reactants and the volumes occupied by them are based on the representation of a turbulent medium as an aggregation of independent turbulent particles—vortices—whose random contacts lead to the mixing and combustion of reacting substances [31]. The concomitant phenomena of flow and combustion are analyzed, including radiation effects. In particular, it is shown that the apparent increase in the combustion temperature with increasing Reynolds number is in fact attributed to the relative decrease of thermal radiation losses. Qualitative agreement is obtained between the results of the theoretical calculations of the length of a combustion torch and experimental data.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Applied MechanicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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