Astronomy Letters

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 248–264 | Cite as

Kinematics of B-F Stars as a Function of Their Dereddened Color from Gaia and PCRV Data

Article

Abstract

Parallaxes with an accuracy better than 10% and proper motions from the Gaia DR1 TGAS catalogue, radial velocities from the Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities (PCRV), accurate Tycho-2 photometry, theoretical PARSEC, MIST, YaPSI, BaSTI isochrones, and the most accurate reddening and interstellar extinction estimates have been used to analyze the kinematics of 9543 thin-disk B-F stars as a function of their dereddened color. The stars under consideration are located on the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram relative to the isochrones with an accuracy of a few hundredths of a magnitude, i.e., at the level of uncertainty in the parallax, photometry, reddening, extinction, and the isochrones themselves. This has allowed us to choose the most plausible reddening and extinction estimates and to conclude that the reddening and extinction were significantly underestimated in some kinematic studies of other authors. Owing to the higher accuracy of TGAS parallaxes than that of Hipparcos ones, the median accuracy of the velocity components U, V, W in this study has improved to 1.7 km s−1, although outside the range −0.1 m < (B T V T )0 < 0.5 m the kinematic characteristics are noticeably biased due to the incompleteness of the sample. We have confirmed the variations in the mean velocity of stars relative to the Sun and the stellar velocity dispersion as a function of their dereddened color known from the Hipparcos data. Given the age estimates for the stars under consideration from the TRILEGAL model and the Geneva–Copenhagen survey, these variations may be considered as variations as a function of the stellar age. A comparison of our results with the results of other studies of the stellar kinematics near the Sun has shown that selection and reddening underestimation explain almost completely the discrepancies between the results. The dispersions and mean velocities from the results of reliable studies fit into a ±2 km s−1 corridor, while the ratios σ V /σ U and σ W /σ U fit into ±0.05. Based on all reliable studies in the range −0.1 m < (B T V T )0 < 0.5m, i.e., for an age from 0.23 to 2.4 Gyr, we have found: W = 7.15 km s−1, \({\sigma _U} = 16.0{e^{1.29({B_T} - {V_T})o}}\) , \({\sigma _V} = 10.9{e^{1.11({B_T} - {V_T})o}}\) , \({\sigma _W} = 6.8{e^{1.46({B_T} - {V_T})o}}\) , the stellar velocity dispersions in km s−1 are proportional to the age in Gyr raised to the power β U = 0.33, β V = 0.285, and β W = 0.37.

Keywords

Hertzsprung–Russell diagram stellar kinematics Galactic solar neighborhoods 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pulkovo Astronomical ObservatoryRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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