Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 135–140 | Cite as

Morphological Descriptions of the Esophagus of the Sea Bream (Sparus aurata, Linneaus 1758)

  • Mohamed M. A. Abumandour
  • Neveen E. R. El-Bakary
Original Papers


The current work prepared to describe the microscopic morphological appearance of the esophagus of the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). The esophageal wall was organized into four tunica; mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa. There are many goblets cells in the esophageal epithelium. The tunica muscularis is very thick and consisting of; an outer circular thick layer and an inner longitudinal layer of striated muscle. The presences of the many goblet cells help in the esophageal lubrication and protection. By the histochemical reactions with Alcian blue and PAS staining, the esopgaster secretory epithelium devoid from any goblet cells. There are many mucous droplets of the high electron density and the low electron density between surface epithelial cells within the goblet cells. The obtained results of the current investigation may help to understanding the physiology of the esophageal digestive functions in Sparus aurata.


esophagus sea bream goblet cells transmission microscope 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Abecasis, D. et al., Ageing seabreams: A comparative study between scales and otoliths, Fish Res., 2008, vol. 89, pp. 37–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Basurco, B. and Abellán, E., Finfish species diversification in the context of Mediterranean marine fish farming development, in Marine Finfish Diversification: Current Situation and Prospects in Mediterranean Aquaculture, Options Mediterranéennes, Ser. B, vol. 24, Rome: FAO, 1999, pp. 9–25.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xiong, D. et al., A study of morphology and histology of the alimentary tract of Glyptosternum maculatum (Sisoridae, Siluriformes), Acta Zool., 2011, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 161–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Melo Germano, R. et al., Morphological characteristics of the Pterodoras granulosus digestive tube (Valenciennes, 1821) (Osteichthyes, Doradidae), Acta Zool., 2014, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 166–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Falk, K., Bjerkås, I., and Koppang, E.O., Intestinal morphology of the wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), J. Morphol., 2013, vol. 274, no. 8, pp. 859–876.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Díaz, A. et al., Morphological and histochemical characterization of the mucosa of the digestive tract in Engraulis anchoita (Hubbs and Marini, 1935), Anat., Histol., Embryol., 2003, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 341–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Meister, M. et al., Structure and ultrastructure of the oesophagus in sea-water an fresh-water teleosts (Pisces), Zoomorphology, 1983, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 33–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Humbert, W., Kirsch, R., and Meister, M., Scanning electron microscopic study of the oesophageal mucous layer in the eel, Anguilla anguilla L., J. Fish Biol., 1984, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 117–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Al-Hussaini, A., On the functional morphology of the alimentary tract of some fish in relation to differences in their feeding habits: anatomy and histology, J. Cell Sci., 1949, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 109–139.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Reifel, C.W. and Travill, A.A., Structure and carbohydrate histochemistry of the esophagus in ten teleostean species, J. Morphol., 1977, vol. 152, no. 3, pp. 303–313.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Martin, T. and Blaber, S., Morphology and histology of the alimentary tracts of Ambassidae (Cuvier) (Teleostei) in relation to feeding, J. Morphol., 1984, vol. 182, no. 3, pp. 295–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Murray, H.M., Wright, G.M., and Goff, G.P., A comparative histological and histochemical study of the stomach from three species of pleuronectid, the Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, the yellowtail flounder, Pleuronectes ferruginea, and the winter flounder, Pleuronectes americanus, Can. J. Zool., 1994, vol. 72, no. 7, pp. 1199–1210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dzhumaliyev, M., The structure of the epithelium in fishes from different taxonomic groups, Biol. Nauki (Alma-Ata), 1982, vol. 1, pp. 65–75.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Godinho, H., Tokimaru, M., and Ferri, A., Histologia do trato digestivo de Pimelodus maculatus Lacépède, 1803 (Pisces, Siluroidei), Rev. Bras. Biol., 1970, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 583–593.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pignalberi, C., Yuan, E.C., and Occhi, Y.R., Anatomia y histologia del aperato digestive de Pimelodus albicanus (Val.), Pisces, Pimelodidae, Physis Secc. B: Aguas Cont. Org., 1973, vol. 32, pp. 297–308.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Suvarna, S.K., Layton, C., and Bancroft, J.D., Bancroft’s Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2013, 7th ed.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mowry, R.W., Alcian blue technics for the histochemical study of acidic carbohydrates, J. Histochem.Cytochem., 1956, vol. 4, p.407.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    McDowell, E. and Trump, B., Histologic fixatives suitable for diagnostic light and electron microscopy, Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med., 1976, vol. 100, no. 8, pp. 405–414.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hayat, M., Basic Techniques for Transmission Electron Microscopy, Baltimore: Academic, 1986, 2nd ed.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Løkka, G. et al., Intestinal morphology of the wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), J. Morphol., 2013, vol. 274, no. 8, pp. 859–876.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Seixas Filho, J., Oliveira, M. and Donzele, J.L., Atividade da tripsina em quimo de três espécies neotropicais de peixes Teleostei de água doce, Rev. Bras. Zootecnia, 2000, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 6–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Albrecht, M., Ferreira, M., and Caramaschi, E., Anatomical features and histology of the digestive tract of two related neotropical omnivorous fishes (Characiformes; Anostomidae), J. Fish Biol., 2001, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 419–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rodrigues, S.S. and Menin, E., Anatomia do tubo digestivo de Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier, 1817) (Pisces, Characidae, Salmininae), Biotemas, 2008, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 65–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Clarke, A. and Witcomb, D., A study of the histology and morphology of the digestive tract of the common eel (Anguilla anguilla), J. Fish Biol., 1980, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 159–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ferraris, R.P., Tan, J.D., and De La Cruz, M.C., Development of the digestive tract of milkfish, Chanos chanos (Forsskal): histology and histochemistry, Aquaculture, 1987, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 241–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Morrison, C. and Wright, J., A study of the histology of the digestive tract of the Nile tilapia, J. Fish Biol., 1999, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 597–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sis, R. et al., The microscopic anatomy of the oesophagus, tstomach and intestine of the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, {iJ. Fish Biol.}, 1979, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 179–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Huebner, E. and Chee, G., Histological and ultrastructural specialization of the digestive tract of the intestinal air breather Hoplosternum thoracatum (Teleost), J. Morphol., 1978, vol. 157, no. 3, pp. 301–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Grau, A. et al., The digestive tract of the amberjack Seriola dumerili, Risso: A light and scanning electron microscope study, {iJ. Fish Biol.}, 1992, vol. 41, pp. 287–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    El-Bakary, N. and El-Gammal, H., Comparative histological, histochemical and ultrastructural studies on the proximal intestine of flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) and sea bream (Sparus aurata), World Appl. Sci. J., 2010, vol. 8, pp. 477–485.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Krementz, A.B. and Chapman, G.B., Ultrastructure of the posterior half of the intestine of the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, J. Morphol., 1975, vol. 145 no. 4, pp. 441–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Elbal, M. and Agulleiro, B., A histochemical and ultrastructural study of the gut of Sparus auratus (Teleostei), J. Submicrosc. Cytol., 1986, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 335–347.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Abd El Hafez, E.A. et al., Comparative histomorphological studies on oesophagus of catfish and grass carp, J. Histol., 2013, vol. 2013. doi 10.1155/2013/858674Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    El-Gharbawy, S., Sallam, T., and El-Habback, H., Post-hatching age changes of the oesophagus of tilapia fish, Oreochromis niloticus light and TEM studies, J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Assoc., 2001, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 451–472.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Santos, C.M. et al., Histology and histochemical characterization of the digestive tract of Pimelodus maculatus (Pimelodidae, Siluriformes) in Funil reservoir, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Iheringia, Sér. Zool., 2007, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 411–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Suíçmez, M. and Ulus, E., A study of the anatomy, histology and ultrastructure of the digestive tract of Orthrias angorae Steindachner, 1897, Folia Biol. (Krakow, Pol.), 2005, vol. 53, pp. 95–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gargiulo, A. et al., Histology and ultrastructure of the gut of the tilapia (Tilapia spp.), a hybrid teleost, Anat., Histol., Embryol., 1998, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 89–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Cataldi, E. et al., A study of the histology and morphology of the digestive tract of the sea-bream, Sparus aurata, J. Fish Biol., 1987, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 35–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Marchetti, L. et al., Histology and carbohydrate histochemistry of the alimentary canal in the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, J. Fish Biol., 2006, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 1808–1821.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Anderson, T.A., Histological and cytological structure of the gastrointestinal tract of the luderick, Girella iricuspidala (Pisces, Kyphosidae) in relation to diet, J. Morphol., 1986, vol. 190, pp. 109–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Mandal, D. and Chakrabarti, P., Architectural pattern of the mucosal epithelium of the alimentary canal of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas) and Oreochromis mossambicus (Paters): A comparative study, Acta Ichthyol. Piscatoria, 1996, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 15–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed M. A. Abumandour
    • 1
  • Neveen E. R. El-Bakary
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceDamietta UniversityDamiettaEgypt

Personalised recommendations