Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 25–35 | Cite as

The Current State of the Zostera marina + Stephanocystis crassipes Community in the Eastern Bosphorus Strait, Sea of Japan

  • T. L. Kalita
  • A. V. Skriptsova


The state of the macrophyte community of Zostera marina + Stephanocystis crassipes in the cove off Cape Tokarevsky (Eastern Bosphorus Strait, Sea of Japan) was evaluated, using the method of sample plots, in June 2014. The taxonomical and morpho-functional composition, as well as the structure of the community, has been studied. A total of 39 species of marine macrophytes have been found in this area, including 6 species of Chlorophyta, 22 species of Rhodophyta, 10 species of Phaeophyceae, and 1 species of Tracheophyta (Zostera marina), which constitute 15, 56, 26, and 3% of the total number of species in the community, respectively. The studied phytocenosis is characterized by a poor taxonomic composition, a high biomass of opportunistic species (auxiliary species on the dominance scale), and the proportions of higher algal taxa typical of the clean waters of Peter the Great Bay. Thus, based on a combination of these characteristics, the Zostera marina + Stephanocystis crassipes phytocenosis can be regarded as being in an early stage of anthropogenic transformation and the waters are classified as moderately polluted.


seagrasses macroalgae community structure anthropogenic pollution subtidal zone Eastern Bosphorus Strait Sea of Japan 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Belan, T.A., Belan, L.S., and Berezov, A.V., Living conditions and pattern of distribution of macrozoobenthos in the marine waters of the port of Vladivostok (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan), in Morskaya biologiya i ekologiya (Marine Biology and Ecology), 2009, no. 1, pp. 116–128.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bregman, Yu.E., Sedova, L.G., Manuilov, V.A., et al., A complex study of the environment and benthic biota of Novik Bay (Russky Island, Sea of Japan) after a longterm anthropogenic pressure, Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 1998, vol. 124, pp. 320–343.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vinogradova, K.L., Opredelitel’ vodoroslei dal’nevostochnykh morei SSSR. Zelenye vodorosli (Key to Algae from the Far Eastern Seas of the USSR: Green Algae), Leningrad: Nauka, 1979.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vorob’ev, V.P., Benthos of the Azov Sea, Tr. Azovo–Chernomorsk. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 1949, no. 13, pp. 1–193.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gusarova, I.S., Macrophytobenthos of the northern Amur Bay, Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 2008, vol. 155, pp. 88–98.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gusarova, I.S., Kolpakov, N.V., and Kulepanov, V.N., Distribution of bottom vegetation and fishes along the coast of Reineke Island (Peter the Great Bay) in summer, Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 2012, vol. 171, pp. 26–39.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Doklad ob ekologicheskoi situatsii v Primorskom krae v 2013 godu (Report on the Ecological Situation in Primorsky Krai in 2013), Vladivostok: Adm. Primorsk. Kraya, 2014.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zaks, I.G., Preliminary data on distribution of fauna and flora in the coastal zone of Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan, Proizviditel’nye Sily. Zhivotny Mir, 1927, no. 4, pp. 213–248.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kalita, T.L. and Skriptsova, A.V., The current state of subtidal macrophyte communities of Ussuriysky and Amursky Bays, Sea of Japan, Russ. J. Mar. Biol., 2014, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 418–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Klochkova, N.G., Flora vodoroslei-makrofitov Tatarskogo proliva i osobennosti eyo formirovaniya (Flora of Macrophytic Algae in the Tatar Strait and the Features of its Formation), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 1996.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Klochkova, N.G. and Berezovskaya, V.A., Makrofitobentos Avachinskoi guby i ego antropogennaya destruktsiya (Macrophytobenthos of Avacha Bay and Its Anthropogenic Destruction), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2001.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kobzar’, A.D. and Khristoforova, N.K., Assessment of contamination of the Peter the Great Bay waters by heavy metals based on their concentration in brown algae-macrophytes, in Sovremennoe ekologicheskoe sostoyanie zaliva Petra Velikogo Yaponskogo morya (The Current Ecological Condition of Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan), Vladivostok: Dal’nevost. Fed. Univ., 2012, pp. 362–381.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kozhenkova, S.I. and Khristoforova, N.K., Distribution of green algae macrophytes in the Amur Bay (Japan Sea), Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 2009, vol. 159, pp. 156–167.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kolichestvennye metody ekologii i gidrobiologii (Quantitative Methods in Ecology and Hydrobiology), Tolyatti: Samarsk. Nauch. Tsentr, Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2005.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kosov, V.I. and Ivanov, V.N., Okhrana i ratsional’noe ispol’zovanie vodnykh resursov. Chast 1. Okhrana poverkhnostnykh vod (Conservation and Rational Use of Aquatic Resources, Part 1: Protection of Surface Waters), Tver: Tver. Gos. Tekh. Univ., 1995.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Levenets, I.R., The intertidal flora of Russky Island, Peter the Great Bay, Mater. nauchn. konf., posvyashch. 70-letiyu S.M. Konovalova “Sovremennoe sostoyanie vodnykh bioresursov” (Proc. Sci. Conf. Commem. 70th Anniv. S.M. Konovalov “Current Status of Aquatic Bioresources”), Vladivostok: Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Rybokhoz. Tsentr, 2008, pp. 148–151.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lotsiya severo-zapadnogo berega Yaponskogo morya. Ot reki Tumannaya do mysa Belkina (Northwestern Sea of Japan Coast Pilot. From the Tumen River to Cape Belkin), Moscow: Gl. Upr. Navig. Kartogr. Minist. Oborony Ross. Fed., 1984, no. 1401.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Makienko, V.F., Algal macrophytes of Vostok Bay (Sea of Japan), Sov. J. Mar. Biol., 1975, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 117–128.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mirkin, B.I., Rozenberg, G.S., and Naumova, L.G., Slovar’ ponyatii i terminov sovremennoi fitotsenologii (Dictionary of Concepts and Terms in Modern Phytocenology), Moscow: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Naumov, Yu.A., The anthropogenic impact on the coastal shelf zone of Russia’s Far-Eastern seas (a case study of the Peter the Great Bay), Geogr. Prir. Resur., 2007, no. 1, pp. 106–114.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Paimeeva, L.G., Distribution of Zostera beds in Peter the Great Bay, Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 1973, vol. 87, pp. 145–148.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Perestenko, L.P., Vodorosli zaliva Petra Velikogo (Algae of Peter the Great Bay), Leningrad: Nauka, 1980.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Perestenko, L.P., Krasnye vodorosli dal’nevostochnykh morei Rossii (Red Algae of Far Eastern Seas of Russia), St. Petersburg: Ol’ga, 1994.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rostov, I.D., Peter the Great Bay, The physico-geographical, hydrological characteristics and hydrometeorological conditions, 2005. cdrom/3/html/1_00.htm. Cited May 28, 2007.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Skriptsova, A.V., Kalita, T.L., and Nabivailo, Yu.V., Evaluation of state of the community Zostera marina + Sargassum in conditions of anthropogenic pollution, Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 2013, vol. 174, pp. 257–270.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Stepaniyan, O.V., Effects of crude oil on major functional characteristics of macroalgae of the Barents Sea, Russ. J. Mar. Biol., 2008, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 131–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stepanyan, O.V. and Voskoboinikov, G.M., Effect of oil and oil products on morphofunctional parameters of marine macrophytes, Russ. J. Mar. Biol., 2006, vol. 32, Suppl. 1, pp. S32–S39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Tarasov, V.G., Kasyanov, V.L., Adrianov, A.V., et al., The ecological state and bottom communities in the Patrokl Bight and Sobol Bight (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan): The past and the present, Vestn. Dal’nevost. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2005, no. 1, pp. 3–18.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Khristoforova, N.K., Galysheva, Yu.A., and Kozhenkova, S.I., Assessment of human impact on Vostok Bay (Sea of Japan): Evidence from macrobenthic algae, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2005, vol. 405, no. 9, pp. 1423–1425.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Khristoforova, N.K. and Salomai, M.S., Chemico-ecological assessment of quality of the coastal waters in Vladivostok, Issled. Ross., 2006. 2006/147/pdf. Cited July 4, 2012.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Chernyaev, A.P., Petroleum hydrocarbons distributions in seawater and bottom sediments in the Amur Bay (Japan Sea), Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 2005, vol. 140, pp. 240–244.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Clarke, K.R. and Gorley, R.N., PRIMER Version 6: User Manual/Tutorial, Plymouth: PRIMER-E, 2006.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Dáez, I., Secilla, A., Santolaria, A., and Gorostiaga, J.M., Phytobenthic intertidal community structure along an environmental pollution gradient, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 1999, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 463–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Eriksson, B.K., Johansson, G., and Snoeijs, P., Longterm changes in the macroalgal vegetation of the inner Gullmar Fjord, Swedish Skagerrak coast, J. Phycol., 2002, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 284–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Guiry, M.D. and Guiry, G.M., AlgaeBase. World-wide Electronic Publication, Galway: Natl. Univ. Ireland, 2017. Cited April 6, 2017.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Levenets, I.R. and Skriptsova, A.V., Benthic flora of the inner part of Amursky Bay (Sea of Japan), in Ecological Studies and the State of the Ecosystem of Amursky Bay and the Estuarine Zone of the Razdolnaya River (Sea of Japan), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2008, pp. 284–301.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Littler, M.M. and Littler, D.S., The evolution of thallus form and survival strategies in benthic marine macroalgae: Field and laboratory tests of a functional form model, Am. Nat., 1980, vol. 116, pp. 25–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Munda, I.M., Changes and degradation of seaweed stands in the Northern Adriatic, Hydrobiologia, 1993, vol. 260, no. 1, pp. 239–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Orfanidis, S., Panayotidis, P., and Stamatis, N., Ecological evaluation of transitional and coastal waters: A marine benthic macrophytes-based model, Mediterr. Mar. Sci., 2001, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 45–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Pinedo, S., Zabala, M., and Ballesteros, E., Long-term changes in sublittoral macroalgal assemblages related to water quality improvement, Bot. Mar., 2013, vol. 56, pp. 461–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Skriptsova, A.V. and Levenets, I.R., Seasonal dynamics of subtidal macrophyte assemblages in Sobol Bay (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan) in relation to depth, J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K., 2012, vol. 92, pp. 429–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Titlyanov, E.A., Titlyanova, T.V., Belous, O.S., and Kalita, T.L., Inventory change (1990s–2010s) in the marine flora of Sanya Bay (Hainan Island, China), J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K., 2015, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 461–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, National Scientific Center of Marine Biology, Far Eastern BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations