Biology Bulletin

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 201–211 | Cite as

Classification of Springs in the Lake Baikal Region by Macroinvertebrate Communities

  • V. V. Takhteev


The macrozoobenthos communities in 15 cold fresh, 12 mineral (sodium chloride), and 19 thermal springs of the Baikal Rift Zone and adjacent areas have been investigated. The classification of springs on the basis of quantitative indicators of abundance was proposed. According to the dominant group of fauna, three types of communities were identified for the cold springs; six types, for mineral springs; and four types, for thermal springs. It was established that communities with the dominance of Chironomidae, Turbellaria, and Oligochaeta are formed in cold springs and communities with the predominance of Gastropoda (one or two species) prevail in thermal springs. It was noted that mineral springs of medium mineralization are characterized by communities with a prevalence of Amphipoda (Gammarus lacustris); those with high salinity are dominated by Brachyceran flies (Diptera, Brachycera).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anufrieva, E.V., Crustaceans of hypersaline water bodies of the Crimea: fauna, ecology, and distribution, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Sevastopol: IMBI im. A.O. Kovalevskogo, 2014.Google Scholar
  2. Barquin, J. and Death, R.G., Downstream changes in spring-fed stream invertebrate communities: the effect of increased temperature range?, J. Limnol., 2011, vol. 70, suppl. 1, pp. 134–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Belmonte, G., Moscatello, S., Batogova, E.A., Pavlovskaya, T., Shadrin, N.V., and Litvinchuk, L.F., Fauna of hypersaline lakes of the Crimea (Ukraine), Thalassia Salentina, 2012, vol. 34, pp. 11–24.Google Scholar
  4. Berezina, N.A., Khlebovich, V.V., Panov, V.E., and Zaporozhets, N.V., Salinity tolerance of the amphipod Gmelinoides fasciatus (Stebb.) introduced into the Gulf of Finland basin (the Baltic Sea), Dokl. Biol. Sci., 2001, vol. 379, pp. 366–368.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bespalaya, Yu.V., Bolotov, I.N., and Usacheva, O.V., The population of mollusks of the subarctic hydrothermal ecosystem in winter, Zool. Zh., 2011, vol. 90, no. 11, pp. 1304–1322.Google Scholar
  6. Bolotov, I.N., Bespalaya, Yu.V., and Usacheva, O.V., Zoobenthos and colonies of aquatic mollusks in winter, in Funktsionirovanie subarkticheskoi gidrotermal’noi ekosistemy v zimnii period (Functioning of the Subarctic Hydrothermal Ecosystem in Winter), Yekaterinburg: UrO RAN, 2011, pp. 193–217.Google Scholar
  7. Borisov, S.N., Dragonflies (Odonata) of thermal springs of the Barguzin Depression of the Baikal Rift Zone, Evraziat. Entomol. Zh., 2014, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 121–132.Google Scholar
  8. Borisov, S.N., Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Barguzin Depression and Svyatoi Nos Peninsula (Northeastern Cisbaikalia), Evraziat. Entomol. Zh., 2016, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 339–348.Google Scholar
  9. Chertoprud, M.V., Spring macrobenthic communities of Moscow oblast, Zh. Obshch. Biol., 2006, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 376–384.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Chertoprud, M.V., Diversity and classification of rheophilic macrobenthic communities of the temperate zone of European Russia, Zh. Obshch. Biol., 2011, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 51–73.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Chuzhekova, T.A., Dynamics of macrozoobenthos structure in urban spring brooks of the Middle Volga basin, Inland Water Biol., 2015, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 259–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dyganova, R.Ya. and Porfir’eva, N.A., Planarii Aziatskoi chasti SSSR: Morfologiya, sistematika, rasprostranenie (Planarians of the Asian Part of the USSR: Morphology, Systematics, and Distribution), Kazan: Izd. Kazan. Univ., 1990.Google Scholar
  13. Erman, N.A., Lessons from a long-term study of springs and spring invertebrates (Sierra Nevada, California, USA.) and implications for conservation and management, in Spring-Fed Wetlands: Important Scientific and Cultural Resources of the Intermountain Region. Conf. Proc., 2002. Scholar
  14. Eropova, I.O., Takhteev, V.V., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Khadeeva, E.R., and Lopatovskaya, O.G., Macrozoobenthos of some hot springs in the Northern Cisbaikalia in the early spring, Baikal. Zool. Zh., 2016, no. 2 (19), pp. 54–60.Google Scholar
  15. Hoffsten, P.-O. and Malmqvist, B., The macroinvertebrate fauna and hydrogeology of springs in central Sweden, Hydrobiologia, 2000, vol. 436, pp. 91–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Illies, J. and Botosaneanu, L., Problèmes et méthodes de la classification et de la zonation écologique des eaux courantes, considérées surtout du point de vue faunistique, Int. Verein. Theor. Angew. Limnol., 1963, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1–57.Google Scholar
  17. Ilmonen, J. and Paasivirta, L., Benthic macrocrustacean and insect assemblages in relation to spring habitat characteristics: patterns in abundance and diversity, Hydrobiologia, 2005, vol. 533, pp. 99–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ivanov, V.V. and Nevraev, G.A., Klassifikatsiya podzemnykh mineral’nykh vod (Classification of Underground Mineral Waters), Moscow: Nedra, 1964.Google Scholar
  19. Ivanovskii, A.A., Types of macrozoobenthic communities in springs of Penza oblast, Vestn. Mosk. Gosud. Obl. Univ., Ser. Estestv. Nauki, 2010, no. 3, pp. 72–79.Google Scholar
  20. Ivanovskii, A.A., Life forms of spring macrozoobenthos within limnological tilt and microrheological tilt (a case study of springs of Penza oblast), in Ekologiya: ot Arktiki do Antarktiki. Mater. konf. mol. uchenykh, 16–20 aprelya 2007 g. (Ecology: From Arctic to Antarctic, Proc. Conf. Young Sci., April 16–20, 2007), Yekaterinburg, 2007, pp. 124–126.Google Scholar
  21. Kravtsova, L.S., Karabanov, E.B., Kamaltynov, R.M., Mekhanikova, I.V., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Rozhkova, N.A., Slugina, Z.V., Izhboldina, L.A., Veinberg, I.V., Akinshina, T.V., Krivonogov, S.K., and Shcherbakov, D.Yu., Macrozoobenthos of subaquatic landscapes of shallow water area of Southern Baikal. 2. The structure of communities of macroinvertebrates, Zool. Zh., 2003, vol. 82, no. 5, pp. 547–557.Google Scholar
  22. Kruglov, N.D., Mollyuski semeistva prudovikov (Lymnaeidae Gastropoda Pulmonata) Evropy i Severnoi Azii (Mollusks of the Family of Pond Snails (Lymnaeidae, Gastropoda, Pulmonata) in Europe and North Asia), Smolensk: Izd. SGPU, 2005.Google Scholar
  23. Kulikov, G.V., Zhevlakov, A.V., and Bondarenko, S.S., Mineral’nye lechebnye vody SSSR: spravochnik (Mineral Medicinal Waters of the USSR: A Handbook), Moscow: Nedra, 1991.Google Scholar
  24. Kurlov, M.G., Klassifikatsiya sibirskikh tselebnykh mineral’nykh vod (Classification of Siberian Medicinal Mineral Waters), Tomsk: Fizioterapevt. Inst., 1928.Google Scholar
  25. Lomonosov, I.S. and Pinneker, E.V., Thermal waters of Cisbaikalia, Priroda (Moscow, Russ. Fed.), 1980, no. 3, pp. 78–85.Google Scholar
  26. Lomonosov, I.S., Kustov, Yu.I., and Pinneker, E.V., Mineral’nye vody Pribaikal’ya (Mineral Waters of Cisbaikalia), Irkutsk: Vost.-Sib. Kn. Izd., 1977.Google Scholar
  27. Matafonov, D.V., Ecology of Gammarus lacustris Sars (Crustacea: Amphipoda) in Transbaikalian water bodies, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2007, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 148–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Novoselov, V.A., Biological features of Gammarus in lowland lakes, in Vodoemy Altaiskogo kraya: biologicheskaya produktivnost’ i perspektivy ispol’zovaniya (Water Bodies of the Altai Territory: Biological Productivity and Prospects), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1999, pp. 104–112.Google Scholar
  29. Pan’kov, N.N. and Krasheninnikov, A.B., Zoobenthos of springs of Urals and Cis-Urals (Perm Cis-Kama region), Vestn. Perm. Univ., Ser. Biol., 2012, no. 1, pp. 18–24.Google Scholar
  30. Pleshanov, A.S. and Takhteev, V.V., Refugia in Baikal Siberia as unique biodiversity reserves, in Razvitie zhizni v protsesse abioticheskikh izmenenii na Zemle (The Development of Life in the Course of Abiotic Changes on the Earth), Novosibirsk: Izd. SO RAN, 2008, pp. 358–370.Google Scholar
  31. Reznikov, A.A., Mulikovskaya, E.P., and Sokolov, I.Yu., Metody analiza prirodnykh vod (Methods of Analysis of Natural Waters), Moscow: Nedra, 1970.Google Scholar
  32. Shaburova, N.I., Pomazkova, G.I., Okuneva, G.L., Kravtsova, L.S., Takhteev, V.V., Alekseev, V.R., and Lopatovskaya, O.G., To the knowledge of the hydrofauna of mountain springs of the Baikal–Lena Nature Reserve, in Tr. Gos. prirod. zapovednika “Baikalo-Lenskii” (Transactions of the Baikalo-Lenskii State Nature Reserve), Irkutsk: RIO NTs RVKh VSNTs SO RAMN, 2006, no. 4, pp. 89–91.Google Scholar
  33. Sitnikova, T.Ya. and Takhteev, V.V., Gastropods (Gastropoda) from the hot springs of Cisbaikalia, in Gidrobiologiya vodoemov yuga Vostochnoi Sibiri (Hydrobiology of Water Bodies of the South of Eastern Siberia), Irkutsk: Irkut. Univ., 2006, pp. 137–150.Google Scholar
  34. Sitnikova, T.Ya. and Takhteev, V.V., Section 1.3. Gastropods, in Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Buryatiya: redkie i nakhodyashchiesya pod ugrozoi ischeznoveniya vidy zhivotnykh, rastenii i gribov (The Red Data Book of the Republic of Buryatia: Rare and Endangered Species of Animals, Plants, and Fungi), Pronin, N.M., Ed., Ulan-Ude: Izd. BNTs SO RAN, 2013, pp. 47–49.Google Scholar
  35. Smith, H., Wood, P.J., and Gunn, J., The influence of habitat structure and flow permanence on invertebrate communities in karst spring systems, Hydrobiologia, 2003, vol. 510, pp. 53–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Staudacher, K. and Füreder, L., Die Entomofauna ausgewählter Quellen der Schütt (Kärnten), Entomol. Austriaca, 2006, vol. 13, pp. 47–56.Google Scholar
  37. Takhteev, V.V. et al., Biota vodoemov Baikal’skoi riftovoi zony (Biota of Water Bodies of the Baikal Rift Zone), Pleshanov, A.S., Ed.-in-Chief, Irkutsk: Izd. Irkut. Gos. Univ., 2009.Google Scholar
  38. Takhteev, V.V. and Galimzyanova, A.V., Baikal springs, Ekol. Zhizn’, 2009a, no. 2 (87), pp. 37–42.Google Scholar
  39. Takhteev, V.V. and Galimzyanova, A.V., Baikal springs, Ekol. Zhizn’, 2009b, no. 3 (88), pp. 40–45.Google Scholar
  40. Takhteev, V.V. and Mekhanikova, I.V., A new species of amphipods (Crustacea, Amphipoda) from the mountain streams of the Khamar-Daban Range, in Issledovaniya vodnykh ekosistem Vostochnoi Sibiri (Studies of Aquatic Ecosystems of Eastern Siberia), Irkutsk: Izd. Irkut. Univ., 2000, pp. 115–123.Google Scholar
  41. Takhteev, V.V., Izhboldina, L.A., Pomazkova, G.I., Proviz, V.I., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Bondarenko, N.A., Mazepova, G.F., Rozhkova, N.A., Starobogatov, Ya.I., Galkin, A.N., Pleshanov, A.S., Bessolitsyna, I.A., Rusinek, O.T., and Ambrosova, E.V., Biota of some thermal springs of Cisbaikalia and associated water bodies, in Issledovaniya vodnykh ekosistem Vostochnoi Sibiri (Studies of Aquatic Ecosystems of Eastern Siberia), Irkutsk: Izd. Irkut. Univ., 2000, pp. 55–100.Google Scholar
  42. Takhteev, V.V., Sudakova, E.A., Egorova, I.N., Shamanova, S.I., Sitnikova, T.Ya., Kravtsova, L.S., Rozhkova, N.A., Pomazkova, G.I., Arbuzov, A.V., Ambrosova, E.V., Dubeshko, L.N., Lopatovskaya, O.G., Mering, M., Kaigorodova, I.A., Liventseva, V.G., and Chaplina, I.A., Characterization of aquatic and terrestrial biocenoses in the areas of release of thermal springs in the eastern Cisbaikalia, in Gidrobiologiya vodoemov yuga Vostochnoi Sibiri (Hydrobiology of Water Bodies of the South of Eastern Siberia), Irkutsk: Irkut. Univ., 2006, pp. 111–136.Google Scholar
  43. Takhteev, V.V., Galimzyanova, A.V., Ambrosova, E.V., Kravtsova, L.S., Rozhkova, N.A., Okuneva, G.L., Semernoi, V.P., Pomazkova, G.I., and Lopatovskaya, O.G., Zoobenthos communities and their seasonal dynamics in nonfreezing springs of Baikal Region, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2010, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 638–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Takhteev, V.V., Bedulina, D.S., and Karnaukhov, D.Yu., The temperature stability of Gammarus dabanus Tachteew et Mekhanikova (Crustacea, Amphipoda), an endemic to mountain watercourses of the Khamar-Daban, in Aktual’nye problemy nauki Pribaikal’ya (Actual Problems of Science of Cisbaikalia), Bychkov, I.V. and Kazakov, A.L., Eds., Irkutsk: Izd. Inst. Geografii im. V.B. Sochavy SO RAN, 2015, vol. 1, pp. 247–250.Google Scholar
  45. Takhteev, V.V., Lopatovskaya, O.G., Okuneva, G.L., Pomazkova, G.I., Samoilova, E.A., and Rozhkova, N.A., Ecological characteristics of chloride-sodium mineral springs of the Kirenga River basin and the upper reaches of the Lena River. Part 1. General characteristics of springs and their hydrofauna, Inland Water Biol., 2017, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 331–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yemelyanova, A.Yu., Temerova, T.A., and Degermendzhy, A.G., Distribution of Gammarus lacustris Sars (Amphipoda, Gammaridae) in Lake Shira (Khakasia, Siberia) and laboratory study of its growth characteristics, Aquat. Ecol., 2002, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 245–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Irkutsk State UniversityIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations