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Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 72, Issue 3, pp 327–332 | Cite as

Chemical sensors based on a hydrochemically deposited lead sulfide film for the determination of lead in aqueous solutions

  • I. V. Zarubin
  • V. F. Markov
  • L. N. Maskaeva
  • N. V. Zarubina
  • M. V. Kuznetsov
Articles

Abstract

Chemical sensors for determining lead in aqueous solutions are developed based on hydrochemically deposited lead sulfide (PbS) films; their composition and surface morphology are studied. The sensors are sensitive to lead to 31.5–32.5 mV/pc Pb with the limit of detection of the metal 1.5 × 10–8 M. The role of photoactivation and doping of films in increasing the sensitivity of the film sensor to lead is determined. The studied chemical sensors can be relatively easily regenerated by soaking in distilled water for 10–30 min; they have sufficiently high selectivity to lead in the presence of sodium, nickel, zinc, and cadmium salts in solution.

Keywords

chemical sensors thin film lead sulfide hydrochemical deposition determination of lead in aqueous solutions selectivity 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. V. Zarubin
    • 1
  • V. F. Markov
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. N. Maskaeva
    • 1
    • 2
  • N. V. Zarubina
    • 1
  • M. V. Kuznetsov
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Chemical TechnologyUral Federal UniversityYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Ural Institute of State Fire-Fighting ServiceMinistry of Emergency Situations of RussiaYekaterinburgRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

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