Doklady Earth Sciences

, Volume 473, Issue 1, pp 281–285 | Cite as

Distribution of rare earths in uranium oxides of the main types of uranium deposits: Causes and genetic meaning

  • S. F. Vinokurov
  • V. N. Golubev
  • A. N. Trunova
  • S. V. Yudintsev


Three groups of industrial uranium deposits that differ in the distribution of lanthanides in U oxides have been recognized. A dependence of the REE distribution type on the Yttrium content and Yttrium index YI = (La + Ce)/Y that controls the formation of REE phases capable of selective accumulation of lanthanides has been discovered. This indicates the important role of crystal–chemical fractionation in the distribution of lanthanides. Preferable accumulation of Sm–Gd by U oxides has been found to occur at relatively low contents of Y. In Proterozoic uranium deposits, the yttrium specialization of oxides predominates, while in most Phanerozoic deposits the lanthanum–cerium specialization is typical. These results extend the possibilities of using REEs in ores for purposes of study of the genesis of various uranium deposits.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. V. Yudintsev and L. I. Simonova, Geokhimiya, No. 6, 806–813 (1991).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. I. Semenov, Geokhimiya, No. 5, 452–461 (1958).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. V. Shcherbina, in Rare Earth Elements and Their Classification, of Geology of Rare Earth Elements Deposits (Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow, 1959), Issue 3 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. V. Boynton, in Rare Elements Geochemistry (Elsevier, London, 1984), pp. 64–114.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. F. Vinokurov, V. N. Golubev, T. L. Krylova, and V. Yu. Prokof’ev, Geochem. Int. 52 (8), 654–669 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. P. Laverov, B. L. Rybalov, V. I. Velichkin, A. E. Tolkunov, V. N. Levin, V. B. Meshcheryakova, and B. M. Sel’tsov, Prediction Foundations for Uranium Ores Provinces and Regions (Nedra, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Bonhoure, P. Kister, M. Cuney, and E. Delonie, Geostand. Geoanal. Res. 31 (3), 209–225 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Maas and M. T. McCulloch, Chem. Geol. 88, 301–315 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. M. Mclennan and S. R. Taylor, Nature 282, 247–250 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Mercadier, M. Cuney, P. Lach, M.-C. Boiron, J. Bonhoure, A. Richerd, M. Leisen, and P. Kister, Terra Nova 23, 264–269 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. P. Aleshin, V. I. Velichkin, and T. L. Krylova, Geol. Ore Deposits 49 (5), 392–412 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. F. Vinokurov, T. L. Krylova, A. V. Timofeev, and V. N. Golubev, Geochem. Int. 42 (7), 656–667 (2004).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Cuney, Econ. Geol. 105, 553–569 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Gaborean, M. Cuney, D. Quirt, D. Reanfort, P. Patrier, and R. Mathien, Am. Mineral. 92, 267–280 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    World Distribution of Uranium Deposits (UDEPO) with Uranium Deposits Classification (Int. Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2009), IAEA-TECDOC-1629.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. F. Vinokurov
    • 1
  • V. N. Golubev
    • 1
  • A. N. Trunova
    • 1
  • S. V. Yudintsev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations