Russian Journal of Genetics

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 284–295 | Cite as

Bacterial Genes of Non-Heme Iron Oxygenases, Which Have a Rieske-Type Cluster, Catalyzing Initial Stages of Degradation of Chlorophenoxyacetic Acids

  • N. V. Zharikova
  • T. R. Iasakov
  • E. I. Zhurenko
  • V. V. Korobov
  • T. V. Markusheva
Reviews and Theoretical Articles


Hydroxylation of the benzoic ring by non-heme iron oxygenases having a Rieske-type cluster is the key step in the aerobic degradation of chloroaromatic compounds by bacteria. Rieske oxygenases (RO) catalyze the oxidative decarboxylation reaction unique to the enzymes of this family with the formation of corresponding phenolic compounds. This review discusses the general structure, function, and classification of ROs that catalyze the oxidation of chlorophenoxyacetic acids; genes encoding the ROs with their phylogenetic classes are also reviewed.


tft cad 2,4-D oxygenase 2,4,5-T oxygenase biodegradation chlorophenoxyacetic acids 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. V. Zharikova
    • 1
  • T. R. Iasakov
    • 1
  • E. I. Zhurenko
    • 1
  • V. V. Korobov
    • 1
  • T. V. Markusheva
    • 1
  1. 1.Ufa Institute of BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia

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