Determination of Environmental Quality Standards Proceeding from the Risk-Based Approach

Abstract

Using the methodology of assessing the risk from carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic substances to public health, algorithms to estimate the standards for the quality of atmospheric air and potable water are considered. The acceptable levels of risks for various countries and impact groups are analyzed. It is shown that the levels of maximum permissible concentrations of these substances, calculated depending on the acceptable risks, are significantly lower than the current sanitary standards.

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Fig. 1.

Notes

  1. 1.

    Working area is a space up to 2 m high above the site of permanent or temporary stay of workers. The place of stay is considered permanent if the worker is in it for more than 50% in total or 2 hours of continuous working time (GOST 12.1.005-88).

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Funding

This study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, the government of Krasnoyarsk krai, and the Krasnoyarsk Krai Science Foundation within scientific project no. 18-47-240006 “Methods and Information Technologies for Assessing the Development Risks of Social, Natural, and Anthropogenic Systems of an Industrial Region.”

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Correspondence to Yu. I. Shokin or V. V. Moskvichev or O. V. Taseiko or E. N. Bel’skaya.

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Translated by B. Alekseev

RAS Academician Yurii Ivanovich Shokin is Director for Science of the Federal Research Center for Information and Computational Technologies (FRC ICT). Vladimir Viktorovich Moskvichev, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), is Director of the FRC ICT Krasnoyarsk Branch. Ol’ga Viktorovna Taseiko, Cand. Sci. (Phys.‒Math.), is Head of the Department of Life Safety of Reshetnev Siberian State University (Reshetnev SibSU). Eka-terina Nikolaevna Bel’skaya, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), is an Associate Professor in the SibSU Department of Life Safety.

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Shokin, Y.I., Moskvichev, V.V., Taseiko, O.V. et al. Determination of Environmental Quality Standards Proceeding from the Risk-Based Approach. Her. Russ. Acad. Sci. 90, 755–764 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1019331620060313

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Keywords:

  • public health risk assessment
  • environmental quality
  • carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic substances
  • maximum permissible level