• Scientific Session of the General Meeting of Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Fundamental Problems in the Development of Modern Russian Society”
  • Published:

Historical Science and Historical Memory in Modern Russia


In recent decades, the interest of Russian society in historical science has grown immeasurably. The first reason for this increased interest is because in an era of global cataclysms people turn primarily to the past to find psychological support and thereby restore the connection of times. The second motivation is that, with the emergence of new states on the territory of the former Soviet Union, their political elites began looking through history for tools of their legitimation, often representing Russia as an occupant and an aggressor, ignoring the advantages gained by these peoples over the centuries of being in a single state. This report gives an answer to the question of how the professional community of historians in our country, relying on archival documents and scientific, reliable interpretation of the past is opposed to false theories and attempts to reconsider seemingly well-established historical facts.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1

    History of Crimea, in 2 vols., Ed. by A. V. Yurasov (Kuchkovo Pole, Moscow, 2018) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    History of Novorossiya, Ed. by V. N. Zkaharov (Tsentr Gumanitarnykh Initsiativ, Moscow, 2017) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Russia during the First World War: Economic Situation, Social Processes, Political Crisis, Ed. by Yu. A. Petrov (Politicheskaya Entsiklopediya, Moscow, 2014) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Russia in the First World War:1914–1918, in 3 vols, Ed. by A. K. Sorokin (ROSSPEN, Moscow, 2014) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Russian Revolution of 1917: Power, Society, Culture, Ed. by Yu. A. Petrov, in 2 vols. (Politicheskaya Entsiklopediya, Moscow, 2017) [in Russian].

  6. 6

    Yu. A. Petrov, “Russia on the eve of the Great Revolution of 1917: Modern historiographic trends,” Ross. Istoriya, No. 2, 3–16 (2017).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Yu. A.Petrov, “The Great Russian Revolution: Problems of historical memory,” Herald Russ. Acad. Sci. 88 (3), 163–165 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Acts of the Russian State: State and Corporate Archives of Russia of the 13th–17th Centuries, Vols. 1, 2: Acts Related to the History of Western Russia, Nos. 1, 2, Ed. by O. I. Khoruzhenko, and A. A. Bondarenko (Kuchkovo Pole, Moscow, 2018) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Acts of the Russian State: State and Corporate Archives of Russia of the 13th–17th Centuries, Vol. 3: Acts of the Intercession Suzdal’ Convent of the 16th–Early 17th Centuries, Ed. by A. V. Antonov and A. V. Mashtafarov (Fond Svyaz’ Epokh, Moscow, 2019) [in Russian].

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yu. A. Petrov.

Ethics declarations

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Translated by K. Lazarev

Yurii Aleksandrovich Petrov, Dr. Sci. (Hist.), is Director of the RAS Institute of Russian History.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Petrov, Y.A. Historical Science and Historical Memory in Modern Russia. Her. Russ. Acad. Sci. 90, 179–182 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1019331620020057

Download citation


  • historical memory
  • national identity
  • historical science
  • continuity
  • deformation of historical memory.