Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences

, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 199–204 | Cite as

The military–strategic and humanitarian significance of the defense of Leningrad

Discussion Forum


The authors of this article respond to V.A. Nekhamkin’s call to answer the counterfactual challenge of the past related to the question of surrendering Leningrad in the course of the Great Patriotic War. Refuting numerous pseudoscientific investigations of revisionists of the history of that war, the authors show the misanthropic essence of the Third Reich’s plans with respect to the Soviet Union in general and Leningrad in particular and, using the logic of alternative history, analyze, first, possible actions of the military–political leadership of Nazi Germany in a situation similar to the blockade of Leningrad and, second, possible military consequences of the loss of the city on the Neva River. From the point of view of military science and humanitarian considerations, it is proved that the actions of the Soviet command in defending Leningrad were not only right but also that no alternative existed.


Great Patriotic War defense of Leningrad Operation Barbarossa Generalplan Ost 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    V. A. Zolotarev and E. Kul’kov, “Generalplan Ost,” Mezhdunar. Probl. Vneshnei Politiki, Diplomatii, Nats. Bezopasnosti, No. 6, 82–102 (2011).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The Great Patriotic War 1941–1945, in 12 vols., Vol. 1: The Main Events of the War (Voenizdat, Moscow, 2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Madajczyk, “Is there synchrony between the Generalplan Ost and 'the final solution to the Jewish question'?,” in Der Zweite Weltkrieg—Analysen, Grundzüge, Forschungsbilanz, Ed. by W. Michalka (Piper, Munich, 1989; Progress-Akademiya, Moscow, 1996).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Politico-Strategic Content of the Third-Reich’s Plans Concerning the USSR: A Collection of Documents and Materials, Ed. by V. A. Zolotarev (Kuchkovo Pole, Moscow, 2015) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Picker, Hitlers Tischgespräche in Fϋhrwrhauptquartier 1941–1942 (Athenäum, Bonn, 1951; Rusich, Smolensk, 1998); Hitler’s Table Talk: His Private Conversations: 1941–1944. Introduced and with a New Preface by Hugh Trevor-Roper (Enigma Books, New York, 2000).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Halder, Kriegstagebuch. Tägliche Aufzeichnungen des Chefs des Generalstabes des Heeres 1939–1942, in 3 vols. (W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, 1962–1964; Voenizdat, Moscow, 1971).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Vogt, “Revelations in anticipation of victory,” The Second World War (Nauka, Moscow, 2002) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    The Nuremberg Trial: A Collection of Materials, in 8 vols. (Yuridicheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 1988), Vol. 2 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deutschland im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Ed. by E. Laboor (Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1975), Vol. 2.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Guderian, Recollections of a German General: The German Panzers in the Second World War (Tsentrpoligraf, Moscow, 2007) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Zeitzler, “The battle of Stalingrad,” in The Wehrmacht’s Fatal Decisions (Rusich, Moscow, 2000), pp. 212–225 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    I. S. Konev, Nineteen Forty-Five (Voenizdat, Moscow, 1970) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. K. Rokossovskii, The Soldier’s Duty (Voenizdat, Moscow, 1972) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. S. Konev, Notes of a Front Commander (Boenizdat, Moscow, 1974) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. K. Zhukov, Recollections and Reflections (Yauza, Moscow, 2002) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. V. Isaev, “Mousetraps of 1941”: The History of the Great Patriotic War That We did not Know (Yauza, Moscow, 2000) [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations