Implementation of RSA-BFB Therapy in Students with Various Types of Autonomic Heart Rate Regulation in the Process of Adaptation to Learning Activity


The research materials present the results of the use of respiratory sinus arrhythmia–biofeedback (RSA-BFB) therapy aimed at improving the adaptation of students with different initial autonomic tone. It has been shown that the effectiveness of biofeedback therapy significantly depends on the specifics of trophotropic and ergotropic processes in students with various types of autonomic regulation. In individuals with a predominance of vagotonic effects on the heart rate, biofeedback training is most effective at the beginning of the school year; in the case of predominance of sympathetic influences, RSA-BFB therapy most effectively optimizes the functional state of the body at the end of the school year; for a persons with eitonic type of autonomic regulation the healing effect has a stabilizing influence regardless of the annual cycle of learning activity.

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Correspondence to E. M. Kazin.

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All studies were conducted in accordance with the principles of biomedical ethics, formulated in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its subsequent updates, and approved by the local bioethical committee of Kemerovo State University (Kemerovo, Russia).


The authors declare no obvious and potential conflicts of interest related to the publication of this article.


Each study participant provided a voluntary written informed consent, signed by him after explaining the potential risks and benefits, as well as the nature of the upcoming study.

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Zarchenko, P.U., Kazin, E.M., Blinova, N.G. et al. Implementation of RSA-BFB Therapy in Students with Various Types of Autonomic Heart Rate Regulation in the Process of Adaptation to Learning Activity. Hum Physiol 46, 663–670 (2020).

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  • adaptation
  • students
  • autonomic regulation
  • heartbeat
  • neurodynamic indicators
  • respiratory sinus arrhythmia
  • biofeedback