Development of the Radio-Frequency Ion Thruster on Atmospheric Gases
- 1 Downloads
The paper presents the results of the first experiments on the implementation of the concept of electric propulsion thrusters that use atmospheric gases as propellant. Such thrusters can be used to create propulsion systems for small, low-orbit (180–240 km) spacecraft. For experimental studies, a radio-frequency ion thruster was selected, and a laboratory sample of the thruster with an output beam diameter of d = 150 mm was developed. Experiments were carried out in which dependences of the propellant mass flow on the power delivered to the thruster’s inductor were obtained (for each dependence, the ion beam current was maintained at the same level). Dependences were obtained when the laboratory sample of the radio-frequency ion thruster operated on xenon, nitrogen, and oxygen. Characteristics and estimations of some integral parameters of the thruster are given.
Keywordsradio-frequency ion thruster atmospheric gases experimental studies
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.GOCE. URL: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/GOCE. Accessed July 2, 2016.Google Scholar
- 2.K. Nishiyama, “Air breathing ion engine concept,” in Proc. 54th Int. Astronautical Congr., Bremen, Germany, Sept. 29–Oct. 3, 2003, paper id. IAC-03-S4-02Google Scholar
- 4.D. Di Cara, J. Gonzalez del Amo, A. Santovincenzo, et al., “RAM electric propulsion for low Earth orbit operation: An ESA study,” in Proc. 30th Int. Electric Propulsion Conf., Florence, Italy, Sept. 17–20, 2007 (Electr. Rocket Propul. Soc., 2007), paper id. IEPC-2007-162.Google Scholar
- 5.N. F. Balaev, G. L. Grodzovskii, Yu. I. Danilov, V. M. Zakharov, N. F. Kravtsev, R. N. Kuz’min, M. Ya. Marov, P. M. Morozov, V. E. Nikitin, S. P. Perov, A. N. Petunin, V. V. Utkin, V. M. Chulev, and E. G. Shvidkovskii, “Scientific results of the flights of automatic ionospheric laboratories ‘Yantar’,” Uch. Zap. TsAGI 2 (2), 58–65 (1971).Google Scholar
- 6.G. Cifali, T. Misuri, P. Rossetti, et al., “Experimental characterization of HET and RIT withatmospheric propellants,” in Proc. 32nd Int. Electric Propulsion Conf., Wiesbaden, Germany, Sept. 11–15, 2011 (Electr. Rocket Propul. Soc., 2007), paper id. IEPC-2011-224.Google Scholar
- 7.G. Cifali, Dignani, D., T. Misuri, P. Rossetti, et al., “Completion of HET and RIT characterization with atmospheric propellants,” in Proc. Space Propulsion 2012, Bordeaux, France, May 7–10, 2012 (Fr. Assoc. for Aeronaut. and Space, Paris, 2012).Google Scholar
- 8.K. H. Groh and H. W. Loebt, “State-of-the-art of radio-frequency ion thrusters,” in Proc. 25th Joint Propulsion Conf., Monterey, CA, July 12–16, 1989 (Am. Inst. Aeronaut. Astronaut., New York, NY, 1989).Google Scholar
- 9.J. Freisinger, “RIT-SPIN-0FFS: Neutral particle injectors and ion sources for material processing,” in Proc. 1st Russian–German Conf. on Electric Propulsion Engines and Their Technical Applications, Giessen, Germany, Mar. 9–14, 1992.Google Scholar
- 10.A. I. Erofeev, A. P. Nikiforov, G. A. Popov, et al., “Development of air-electrorocket ramjet for compensating of low-orbit spacecrafts aerodynamic drag,” Vestn. NPO im. S. A. Lavochkina, No. 3, 104–110 (2016).Google Scholar