Extraction of Cobalt and Lithium from Sulfate Solution Using Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric Acid/Kerosene Mixed Extractant

Abstract

The solvent extraction behavior of cobalt and lithium from mixed sulfate solution using di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (D2EHPA)/kerosene as extractant system has been investigated. The effect of different process parameters such as pH of feed solution, extractant concentration, cobalt and lithium ion concentrations in the feed solution have been studied. Extraction equilibrium constants have been calculated and found to be log Kex Co = –2.01 and log Kex Li = –2.42. The highest separation factor of 292 was achieved using 1.59 M D2EHPA at pH 1.85 from mixed sulfate solution. 93.9% of cobalt and 11.4% lithium was co-extracted from 0.01 M cobalt and lithium sulfate solution. Extraction of cobalt-lithium by D2EHPA is affected by cation exchange mechanism, cobalt is extracted as [Co(HA2)2] and [CoA2] depending on the metal concentration in the feed solution while the lithium is extracted as [Li(A2H)]. Quantitative extraction of cobalt was achieved in two-stage counter-current batch extraction (with McCabe–Thiele plot) using 0.477 M D2EHPA at an O : A phase ratio of 1. The data obtained from loaded organic and raffinate indicate a composition which reveals nearly complete extraction of cobalt and rejection of lithium resulting significant separation of these elements from mixed sulfate solution.

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Correspondence to Yamina Boukraa.

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Yamina Boukraa Extraction of Cobalt and Lithium from Sulfate Solution Using Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric Acid/Kerosene Mixed Extractant. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1136–1142 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0036024420060321

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Keywords:

  • cobalt
  • lithium
  • solvent extraction
  • separation factor
  • di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (D2EHPA)