Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A

, Volume 91, Issue 13, pp 2558–2568 | Cite as

Trends in Geometric, Energetic, Electronic, and Magnetic Properties of Vanadium–Copper Clusters Cu n V with n = 1–12: Density Functional Calculations

Structure of Matter and Quantum Chemistry


A systematic quantum chemical investigation on the geometric, energetic, electronic and magnetic properties of vanadium-copper nanoalloy clusters (n = 1–12) is performed by using BPW91/LanL2DZ calculations. The calculated results show that the structural evolution of Cu n V clusters favors a compact and icosahedral growth pattern and V atom favors occupying the most highly coordinated position. Energetic properties show that doping of one V atom contributes to strengthening the stability of the copper clusters with the growth of the clusters. The stacking mode of clusters apparently has a more important effect on the clusters stability than the electronic structure. However, electronic structures have some contribution to the stability of Cu n V clusters as well. The electronic properties of Cu n V are analyzed through vertical ionization potential (VIP), vertical electron affinity (VEA) and chemical hardness (η). The magnetism calculations show that when doping V atom in copper clusters, the cluster system generate a very large magnetic moment and its contribution mainly comes from the 3d orbital of doping-V atom.


CunV (n = 1–12) clusters geometrical structures relative stability electronic properties magnetic properties 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Material ScienceShanxi Normal UniversityLinfenP.R. China

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