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Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A

, Volume 91, Issue 13, pp 2680–2685 | Cite as

Synthesis of ZnO Photocatalysts Using Various Surfactants

  • Chengli Yao
  • Jinmiao Zhu
  • Hongying Li
  • Bin Zheng
  • Yanxin Wei
Photochemistry and Magnetochemistry
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructured materials have received significant attention because of their unique physicochemical and electronic properties. In particular, the functional properties of ZnO are owed to its morphology and defect structure. ZnO particles were successfully synthesized by chemical precipitation. CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide), BS-12 (dodecyl dimethyl betaine) and graphene oxide (GO) were selected as templates to induce the formation of ZnO, respectively. By varying the amount of surfactant added during the synthesis process, the structural properties and the crystalline phase of the synthesized nanospheres were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry (UV‒Vis). Simultaneously, photo catalytic degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) was carried out under natural sunlight irradiation while ZnO or ZnO/GO particles were used as catalyst. GO is prone to induce formation of wurtzite hexagonal phase of ZnO. Compared with CTAB and BS-12, ZnO/GO composites had a remarkably photocatalytic degradation.

Keywords

zinc oxide surfactant template graphene oxide 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chengli Yao
    • 1
  • Jinmiao Zhu
    • 1
  • Hongying Li
    • 1
  • Bin Zheng
    • 1
  • Yanxin Wei
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHefei Normal UniversityAnhuiP.R. China

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