Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 424–433 | Cite as

Population structure and distribution of deep-water cardinal fish Epigonus occidentalis (Epigonidae) and Epigonus pandionis (Epigonidae) in the Colombian Caribbean Sea

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Abstract

Cardinal fish are commercially valuable species. In the Colombian Caribbean Sea E. occidentalis and E. pandionis occurred in 37and 35% of tows during a research trawl survey (>200 m), respectively and the biology of these vulnerable species is unknown. The aim of this work is to describe the spatial distribution patterns of biomass, size structure and morphometric relationships of E. occidentalis and E. pandionis in deep waters of the Colombian Caribbean Sea. The samples were collected by trawling in depths between 200 and 550 m. No statistical differences were found in size by sexes in both species. In female and male E. occidentalis the growth was isometric, while in female and male E. pandionis it was positive allometric. E. occidentalis occurred mainly in the northern zone of Colombian Caribbean Sea, with highest aggregations off Santa Marta and Riohacha. E. pandionis was distributed in the northern area between Santa Marta and Riohacha and in the southern area between Cartagena and Morrosquillo Gulf. However, before the exploitation of these species is considered, further research is required to determine basic life history traits, such as growth, reproduction, recruitment, and mortality.

Keywords

Epigonus occidentalis Epigonus pandionis spatial distribution size structure Colombian Caribbean Sea 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad del MagdalenaGrupo de Investigación Ciencia y Tecnología Pesquera Tropical (CITEPT)Santa MartaColombia
  2. 2.Center of Applied Ecology and Sustainability (CAPES)Pontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

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