Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 467–472 | Cite as

White Blood Cell Count of the scorpion fish Scorpaena porcus as a biomarker of anthropogenic pollution in the Black Sea coastal waters

  • M. M. Basova


This paper outlines the research findings on alterations in White Blood Cell Count of the scorpion fish Scorpaena porcus that inhabits the bays along the coastline of Sevastopol, depending on the level of environmental pollution. In the most polluted areas, the scorpion fish exhibits lymphocytosis and neutropenia.


scorpion fish Scorpaena porcus white blood cell count lymphocytes segmented neutrophils water bodies pollution Black Sea 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bolgova, L.V., Ichthyoplankton of Novorossiysk Bay affected by anthropogenic impact, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: VNIRO, 1994.Google Scholar
  2. Brozio, F. and Litzbarski, H, Untersuchungen über physiologische und histologische Veranderungen am Karpfen nach Toxapheneinwirkung, Teil I. Z. Binnenfisch. DDR, 1977, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 215–226.Google Scholar
  3. Ellis, A.E, The leucocytes of fish: a review, J. Fish Biol., 1977, vol. 11, pp. 453–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Garkavi, L.Kh., Kvakina, E.B., and Kuz’menko, T.S., Antistressornye reaktsii i aktivatsionnaya terapiya (Anti-Stress Reactions and Activation Therapy), Moscow: Immedis, 1998.Google Scholar
  5. Gidrometeorologiya i gidrokhimiya morei. Tom 4. Chernoe more. Vyp. 3. Sovremennoe sostoyanie zagryazneniya vod Chernogo morya (Hydrometeorology and Hydrochemistry of the Seas, Vol. 4: Black Sea, No. 3: Modern Status of the Water Pollutions in the Black Sea), Simonov, A.I. and Ryabinin, A.I., Eds., Sevastopol: EKOSI-Gidrofizika, 1996.Google Scholar
  6. Gol’din, V.M, Some hematological parameters of fishes from Kama Reservoir related to industrial water pollution, Uch. Zap. Perm. Gos. Univ., 1975, no. 338, pp. 123–131.Google Scholar
  7. Golovina, N.A. and Trombitskii, I.D., Gematologiya prudovykh ryb (Hematology of the Pond Fishes), Chisinau: Shtiintsa, 1989.Google Scholar
  8. Gorobets, E. and Radchenko, V.N, Blood formula as an indicator of environmental pollution, in Ekologiya: problemy, resheniya—molodezhnoe videnie (Ecology: Problems and Solutions—Youth Vision), Sevastopol, 2004, no. 1, pp. 58–66.Google Scholar
  9. Gorshkova, E.N., Morphological and functional status of neutrophils interacting with nanosize fluorophores, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Ulyanovsk: Ul’yanovsk. Gos. Univ., 2014.Google Scholar
  10. Gubanov, V.I., Kopylov, Yu.P., and Bobko, N.I, Evaluation of pollution degree of bottom sediments by heavy metals in the coastal zone of Crimea (Black Sea), Morsk. Ekol. Zh., 2010, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 38–47.Google Scholar
  11. Gubanov, V.I., Mal’chenko, Yu.A., Kuftarkova, E.A., and Kovrigina, N.P, Analysis of modern status of Mediterranean part of Sevastopol waters (Black Sea) according to hydrochemical monitoring, in Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ pribrezhnoi i shel’fovoi zon i kompleksnoe ispol’zovanie resursov shel’fa (Ecological Safety of Coastal and Shelf Zones and Complex Use of Shelf Resources), Sevastopol: Morsk. Gidrofiz. Inst., Nats. Akad. Nauk Ukr., 2004, no. 10, pp. 141–148.Google Scholar
  12. Gubanov, V.I. and Rodionova, N.Yu., Analysis of water trophism in the region of mussel-ouster farm (Black Sea, Crimea, the Blue Bay), Mater. VIII mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii “Sovremennye rybokhozyaistvennye i ekologicheskie problemy Azovo-Chernomorskogo regiona” (Proc. VIII Int. Conf. “Modern Fishery and Ecological Problems of Azov-Black Sea Region”), Kerch, 2013, pp. 146–151.Google Scholar
  13. Ikhtiologiya chernomorskikh bukht v usloviyakh antropogennogo vozdeistviya (Ichthyofauna of the Black Sea Bays under Anthropogenic Impact), Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1993.Google Scholar
  14. Ivanova, N.T., Atlas kletok krovi ryb (Atlas of the Fish Blood Cells), Moscow: Legk. Pishch. Prom-st, 1983.Google Scholar
  15. Kalinin, E.A. and Mineev, A.K, Specific leukocyte formula of the common bleak (Alburnus alburnus Linnaeus, 1758) from different-type water bodies (by example of Saratov Reservoir and small rivers in Udmurtia), Izv. Samar. Nauch. Tsentra, Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2012, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 204–208.Google Scholar
  16. Kostova, S.K, Mercury distribution in the surface layer of bottom sediments of Sevastopol Bay (Black Sea), in Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ pribrezhnoi i shel’fovoi zon i kompleksnoe ispol’zovanie resursov shel’fa (Ecological Safety of Coastal and Shelf Zones and Complex Use of Shelf Resources), Sevastopol: Morsk. Gidrofiz. Inst., Nats. Akad. Nauk Ukr., 2005, no. 12, pp. 273–279.Google Scholar
  17. Kotov, A.M, Seasonal dynamics of hematological parameters in some Black Sea fishes and their dynamics at the experimental poisoning by petroleum products, Gidrobiol. Zh., 1976, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 63–68.Google Scholar
  18. Kovrigina, N.P., Popov, M.A., Lisitskaya, E.V., et al., Complex monitoring of the Balaklavskaya Bay, Morsk. Ekol. Zh., 2010, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 62–75.Google Scholar
  19. Krasnovid, I.I. and Ozyumenko, B.A., Ecological status of inland marine waters of Sevastopol, in Sbornik nauchnykh rabot spetsialistov sanitarnoi epidemiologicheskoi sluzhby Sevastopolya (Collection of Scientific Research Works of the Specialists of Sanitary Epidemiological Service of Sevastopol), Sevastopol: EKOSI-Gidrofizika, 2002, pp. 26–33.Google Scholar
  20. Kravtsova, A.V., Mil’chakova, N.A., and Frontas’eva, M.V, Specific accumulation of trace elements in microalgae of genus Cystoseira in the coastal zones of Crimea, Ekosist., Optim. Okhrana, 2014, no. 10, pp. 146–158.Google Scholar
  21. Kuftarkova, E.A., Eremin, I.Yu., and Subbotin, A.A, Fine vertical chemical structure of waters in the area of the mussel farm (the pre-strait part of the Sevastopol bay), Morsk. Ekol. Zh., 2011, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 38–42.Google Scholar
  22. Kuftarkova, E.A., Gubanov, V.I., Kovrigina, N.P., et al., Ecological evaluation of modern state of waters in the interacting area of Sevastopol Bay and the sea, Morsk. Ekol. Zh., 2006, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 72–91.Google Scholar
  23. Kuftarkova, E.A., Rodionova, N.Yu., Gubanov, V.I., et al., Hydrochemical characteristic of the several marine bays of Sevastopol, Tr. Yuzhn. Nauch. Isseld. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 2008, vol. 46, pp. 110–117.Google Scholar
  24. Kuzina, T.V, Cytophysiological characteristics of the blood of commercial fish species of the Volga-Caspian channel, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Astrakhan: Astrakhan State Univ., 2011.Google Scholar
  25. Mayanskii, N.A, Mechanisms and regulation of apoptosis neutrophils, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: Inst. Immunol., 2005.Google Scholar
  26. Mayanskii, A.N. and Pikuza, O.I., Klinicheskie aspekty fagotsitoza (Clinical Aspects of Phagocytosis), Kazan: Magarif, 1993.Google Scholar
  27. Metelev, V.V, Toxicity and effect of propanide on fish organism, Tr. Vses. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Vet. Sanit., 1974, no. 50, pp. 72–75.Google Scholar
  28. Moiseenko, T.I., Use of hematologic and morphophysiological parameters of fishes for ichthyologic and toxicological monitoring, in Metody ikhtiotoksikologicheskikh issledovanii (Manual for Ichthyologic and Toxicological Researches), Leningrad: Gos. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Ozern. Rechn. Rybn. Khoz., 1987, pp. 100–102.Google Scholar
  29. Moiseenko, T.I, Morphophysiological rearrangements in fish in response to pollution (in the light of S.S. Shvarts’ theory), Russ. J. Ecol., 2000, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 429–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Patin, S.A., Vliyanie zagryazneniya na biologicheskie resursy i produktivnost’ Mirovogo okeana (Impact of Pollution on Biological Resources and Productivity of the World Ocean), Moscow: Pishchevaya Prom-st, 1979.Google Scholar
  31. Plisetskaya, E.M. and Leibson, L.G., Role of endocrine factors in regulation of hydrocarbon metabolism in Cyclostomata fishes, in Obmen veshchestv i biokhimii ryb (Metabolism and Biochemistry of Fishes), Moscow: Nauka, 1967, pp. 98–107.Google Scholar
  32. Pustovit, N.S. and Pustovit, O.P, Some hematological parameters of the juveniles of the Kamchatka rainbow trout Parasalmo mykiss, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 2005, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 680–688.Google Scholar
  33. Rakitskaya, L.V, Seasonal dynamics of hematological parameters in the Black Sea fishes with different ecology, Ekol. Morya, 1982, no. 10, pp. 90–93.Google Scholar
  34. Roche, H. and Boge, G, Fish blood parameters as a potential tool for identification of stress caused by environmental factors and chemical intoxication, Mar. Environ. Res., 1996, vol. 41, pp. 27–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rubtsova, S.I., Tikhonova, E.A., Burdiyan, N.V., and Doroshenko, Yu.V, Evaluation of the status of Sevastopol bays by general chemical and microbiological criteria, Morsk. Ekol. Zh., 2013, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 38–50.Google Scholar
  36. Serpunin, G.G, Hematological parameters of the fish adaptation, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Kaliningrad: Kaliningrad State Techn. Univ., 2002.Google Scholar
  37. Serpunin, G.G., Ichthyologic hematological studies as the part of biological monitoring of water bodies, Mater. mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii “Nazemnye i vodnye ekosistemy Severnoi Evropy: upravlenie i okhrana” (Proc. Int. Conf. “Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems of Northern Europe: Monitoring and Protection”), Petrozavodsk: Inst. Biol., Karel. Nauch. Tsentr, Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2003, pp. 130–131.Google Scholar
  38. Serpunin, G.G. and Korobeinikova, E.G., Reaction of the blood system of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) affected by heavy metal pollution, I Kongress ikhtiologov Rossii, Tezisy dokladov (The I Congr. of Russian Ichthyologists, Abstracts of Papers), Moscow: VNIRO, 1997, pp. 237–238.Google Scholar
  39. Shilova, S.A. and Shatunovskii, M.I, Ecophysiological indicators of the state of animal populations exposed to damaging factors, Russ. J. Ecol., 2005, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 27–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shuman, L.A, Histopathological changes and reproductive potential in reservoirs of Ob–Irtysh basin with different anthropogenic burden, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: VNIRO, 2014.Google Scholar
  41. Snieszko, S.F, The effects of environmental stress on out breaks infections diseases of fishes, J. Fish Biol., 1974, vol. 6, pp. 197–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Subbotin, A.A., Gubanov, V.I., Troshchenko, O.A., et al., Modern status of single elements of the ecosystem of Aleksandrovskaya Bay, in Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ pribrezhnoi i shel’fovoi zon i kompleksnoe ispol’zovanie resursov shel’fa (Ecological Safety of Coastal and Shelf Zones and Complex Use of Shelf Resources), Sevastopol: Morsk. Gidrofiz. Inst., Nats. Akad. Nauk Ukr.,2007, no. 15, pp. 120–132.Google Scholar
  43. Tochilina, L.V., Morphological and physiological characteristic of the blood of marine fishes, in Bioenergetika gidrobiontov (Bioenergetics of Hydrobionts), Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1990, pp. 166–176.Google Scholar
  44. Tochilina, L.V, Hematological parameters of marine fishes during summer, Gidrobiol. Zh., 1991, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 63–66.Google Scholar
  45. Tochilina, L.V. and Belokoputin, Yu.S, The number of blood leukocytes in fishes from the Black and Mediterranean seas, Ekol. Morya, 1992, no. 42, pp. 41–45.Google Scholar
  46. Volynkin, Yu.D., Morphological and physiological status as the reflection of adaptive possibilities of fish organism, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: Moscow State Univ. Technol. Uprav., 2008.Google Scholar
  47. Zabotkina, E.A., Lapirova, T.B., and Nazarova, E.A, Influence of cadmium ions on some morphofunctional and immune-physiological parameters of perch (Perca fluviatilis, Perciformes, Percidae) underyearlings, J. Ichthyol., 2009, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 111–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kovalevskii Institute of Marine Biological ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesSevastopolRussia

Personalised recommendations