The Formation of the Nanosized Surface Layers of a Titanium Alloy by Ion-Beam Mixing of Carbon with N+ Ion Implantation


The formation of nanoscale layers on the VT6 titanium alloy surface by ion-beam mixing of carbon with the N+ ion implantation is investigated in this work. Ion-beam mixing in the transition layer of a film–carbon system on the VT6 alloy surface has been found to provide conditions for the formation of titanium carbides and nitrides. The thin surface layer (~10–20 nm) of the samples after both the deposition and ion-beam mixing of a carbon film mostly consists of carbon in a disordered state with sp2 and sp3-hybridized C–C bonds. The formation of titanium carbides and nitrides in the transition layer, a disordered carbon structure in the thin surface layer, leads to a tenfold increase in the corrosion resistance of the samples.

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This research was carried out using the equipment of the Testing Center for Collective Use “Surface and New Materials” at the Udmurt Federal Research Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, which was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science as part of the Federal Target Program “Research and development in priority areas of development of the scientific and technological complex of Russia for 2014–2020.”


This work was performed within the scope of a State Task of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (theme No. АААА-А17-117022250040-0).

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Correspondence to V. L. Vorob’ev.

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Translated by T. Gapontseva

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Vorob’ev, V.L., Gil’mutdinov, F.Z., Syugaev, A.V. et al. The Formation of the Nanosized Surface Layers of a Titanium Alloy by Ion-Beam Mixing of Carbon with N+ Ion Implantation. Phys. Metals Metallogr. 121, 460–465 (2020).

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  • ion-beam mixing
  • carbon nanofilms
  • titanium carbide and nitrides
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy