The Khasurty Fossil Insect Lagerstätte

Abstract

The Khasurty locality (Lower Cretaceous of Transbaikalia, Russia) is one of the largest fossil insect sites in the region. Over the entire period of study, more than 6000 insect imprints have been collected here, representing 16 orders and 130 families. Dipterans, aphids and hymenopterans are the most common forms here, the most diverse taxa are Diptera, Hymenoptera, Coleoptera and Trichoptera. In addition to insects, remains of crustaceans, mosses, liverworts and vascular plants were found in Khasurty, as well as occasional finds of arachnids, bird feathers and fish scales. Two new families, 17 new genera and 21 new species of Trichoptera, two new species of Orthoptera, one new genus and species of Phasmatoptera, one new species of Reculida, three new genera and species of Hemiptera, a new genus and species of Thysanoptera, a new genus and species of Hymenoptera, a new subfamily, two new genera and six new species of Lepidoptera, three new genera and four new species of Neuroptera, as well as a new genus and species of liverworts are described. In terms of the composition of the fauna and flora, the Khasurty locality is very peculiar, it includes both Jurassic and Cretaceous taxa, but in general it can be attributed to the Jehol biota.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors express their deepest gratitude to the discoverer of the Khasurty fossil site, Olga R. Minina (Buryat Geology Center, Ulan-Ude), who collected the first material and helped in organizing subsequent expeditions. The authors are grateful to Dmitry E. Shcherbakov (Paleontological Institute, Moscow), who organized the first paleoentomological expedition to Khasurty and helped in a comprehensive study of the flora and fauna of this locality, although they are saddened by his absence among the authors of this monograph. We thank Roman A. Rakitov (Paleontological Institute, Moscow) for performing SEM photographs for some chapters of this work. We are grateful to Vladimir V. Aleshin (Museum “Gem Rainbow”, Ulan-Ude) for help in organizing the expedition to Khasurty in 2014. We thank Alexei A. Kotov (Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Moscow) and Ekaterina M. Tesakova (Moscow State University) for advice on crustaceans, Kirill Yu. Eskov (Paleontological Institute, Moscow) for assistance in identifying arachnids, Nikita V. Zelenkov (Paleontological Institute, Moscow) for assistance in identifying feathers, Alexander M. Neverov (School 1543, Moscow) for significant assistance in preparing a description of the new thrips taxon, John F. Lawrence, (CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra) and Alfred F. Newton (Integrative Research Center (Insects) Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago) for help in identifying beetles, Martin Fikáček (Charles University in Prague) and Robert B. Angus (Natural History Museum, London) for help in working with literature, Maria M. Tarasenkova (Paleontological Institute, Moscow) for help in cataloging collections, Marina A. Knorre (Paleontological Journal, Moscow) for linguistic advice on the correct use of Transbaikalian toponymy. We express our gratitude to the participants of the expedition to Khasurty: Andrey A. Zagorinsky, Artur V. Aleshin, Ekaterina V. Anikeeva.

Funding

This work was supported by grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), nos. 18-04-00243, 18-04-00312, 18-04-00322, 19-04-00465, 19-04-00976, 19-04-01270, as well as the Federal Fundamental Scientific Research Program for 2013-2020, project nos. AAAA-A16-116121410121-7 and AAAA-A18-118012690105-0. The study by A.V. Gorochov was performed in the framework of the State Research Project no. AAAA-A19-119020690101-6 (Russian Federation).

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The type material of the taxa described in the work is stored at the Paleontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. All taxonomic acts established in the present work have been registered in ZooBank, together with the electronic publication LSID: urn:lsid: zoobank.org: pub:53343557-BCB8-48E8-90F0-BDECDFDCB179.

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Kopylov, D.S., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Aristov, D.S. et al. The Khasurty Fossil Insect Lagerstätte. Paleontol. J. 54, 1221–1394 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031030120110027

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Keywords:

  • plants
  • crustaceans
  • spiders
  • birds
  • fishes
  • Cretaceous
  • Neocomian
  • Transbaikalia
  • Buryatia
  • new taxa
  • paleoecology
  • stable isotope
  • geology
  • taphonomy
  • Jehol