Formation of Regions with High Energy and Pressure Gradients at the Free Surface of Liquid Dielectric in a Tangential Electric Field
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The nonlinear dynamics of the free surface of an ideal incompressible non-conducting fluid with a high dielectric constant subjected to a strong horizontal electric field is simulated using the method of conformal transformations. It is shown that in the initial stage of interaction of counter-propagating periodic waves of significant amplitude, there is a direct energy cascade leading to energy transfer to small scales. This results in the formation of regions with a steep wave front at the fluid surface, in which the dynamic pressure and the pressure exerted by the electric field undergo a discontinuity. It has been demonstrated that the formation of regions with high gradients of the electric field and fluid velocity is accompanied by breaking of surface waves; the boundary inclination angle tends to 90◦, and the surface curvature increases without bound.
Keywordsfree surface nonlinear waves electric field electrohydrodynamics wave breaking liquid dielectrics
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