Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 154–168 | Cite as

Main Properties of Forbush Effects Related to High-Speed Streams from Coronal Holes

  • A. A. Melkumyan
  • A. V. Belov
  • M. A. Abunina
  • A. A. Abunin
  • E. A. Eroshenko
  • V. A. Oleneva
  • V. G. Yanke


The IZMIRAN database of Forbush effects and interplanetary disturbances was used to study features of the action of high-speed solar wind streams from coronal holes on cosmic rays. Three hundred and fifty Forbush effects created by coronal holes without other actions were distinguished. The mean values and distributions have been found for different characteristics of events from this group and compared with all Forbush effects and Forbush effects caused by coronal ejections. Despite the great differences in high-speed streams from coronal holes, this group turned out to be more compact and uniform as compared to events related to coronal ejections. Regression dependences and correlation relations between different parameters of events for the studied groups have been obtained. It has been shown that Forbush effects caused by coronal ejections depend considerably more strongly on the characteristics of interplanetary disturbances as compared to Forbush effects related to coronal holes. This suggests a significant difference between the modulation mechanisms of Forbush effects of different types and corroborates earlier conclusions based on indirect data.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Melkumyan
    • 1
  • A. V. Belov
    • 2
  • M. A. Abunina
    • 2
  • A. A. Abunin
    • 2
  • E. A. Eroshenko
    • 2
  • V. A. Oleneva
    • 2
  • V. G. Yanke
    • 2
  1. 1.Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and GasMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radio Wave Propagation (IZMIRAN)Russian Academy of SciencesTroitsk, MoscowRussia

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