Application of Dispersion and Regression Analysis for Studying the Relationships of Some Components of Upper Pliocene Sediments of the Indian Ocean

Abstract

The variance and regression analyses were applied to study the distribution and relationships between organic carbon, calcium carbonate, abiogenic matter, biogenic silica, and their accumulation depth in the upper Pliocene sediments in different structural zones of the Indian Ocean. Analysis of variance allowed us to quantify the influence of diverse facies settings on the distribution of sedimentation components. For the first time, linear and nonlinear regression models of the relationships between organic carbon, calcium carbonate, abiogenic matter, biogenic silica, and the their accumulation depth are presented.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    L. Burone, P. Muniz, A. M. S. Pires-Vanin, and M. Rodrigues, “Spatial distribution of organic matter in the surface sediments of Ubatuba Bay,” J. An. Acad. Bras. Sci. 75 (1), 75–90 (2003).

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    E. M. Costa, W. S. Tassinari, H. S. K. Pinheiro, S. J. Beutler, and L. H. C. Dos Anjos Mapping soil organic carbon and organic matter fractions by geographically weighted regression, J. Environ. Qual. 47 (4), 718–725 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    T. A. Davies, B. P. Luyendyk, et al., DSDP Init. Repts. 26, (1974)

  4. 4

    J. W. Farrell, I. Raffi, T. R. Janecek, D. W. Murray, M. A. Levitan, K. A. Dadley, K.-C. Emeis, M. Lyle, J.‑A. Flores, and S. Hovan, “Late Neogene sedimentation patterns in the eastern equatorial Pacific,” In: Proc. ODP, Sci. Results 138, 717–756 (1995).

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    R. L. Fisher, E. T. Bunce, et al., DSDP Init. Repts. 24, (1974).

  6. 6

    P. T. Harris, M. Macmillan-Lawler, J. Rupp, and E. K. Baker, “Geomorphology of the oceans,” Mar. Geol. 352, 4–24 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    M. A. Levitan, Paleooceanology of the Indian Ocean (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    M. A. Levitan, “Comparative analysis of pelagic pleistocene silica accumulation in the Pacific and Indian oceans,” Geochem. Int. 54 (3), 257–265 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    M. A. Levitan, L. G. Domoratskaya, and A. V. Koltsova, “History of organic carbon accumulation,” Quantitative Parameters of the Mesozoic–Cenozoic Sedimentation: Essays, Ed. by M. A. Levitan (Pero, Moscow, 2018a), pp. 15–40 [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    M. A. Levitan, L. G. Domoratskaya, and A. V. Koltsova, “History of carbonate accumulation,” Quantitative Parameters of the Mesozoic–Cenozoic Sedimentation: Essays, Ed. by M. A. Levitan (Pero, Moscow, 2018b), pp. 62–97 [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    M. A. Levitan, L. G. Domoratskaya, and A. V. Koltsova, “History of terrigenous sedimentation,” Quantitative Parameters of the Mesozoic–Cenozoic Sedimentation: Essays, Ed. by M. A. Levitan (Pero, Moscow, 2018c), pp. 98–124 [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    A. P. Lisitsyn, Sedimentation in Oceans. Quantitative Distribution of Sedimentary Material (Nauka, Moscow, 1974) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    A. P. Lisitsyn, Oceanic Sedimentation. Lithology and Geochemistry (Nauka, Moscow, 1978) [in Russian]

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    E. S. Simpson, W. R. Schlich, et al., DSDP Init. Repts. 25, (1974).

  15. 15

    R. Sunita, S. Walter, U. Jaekel, H. Osterholz, A. T. Fisher, J. A. Huber, A. Pearson, Th. Dittmar, and P. R. Girguis, “Microbial decomposition of marine dissolved organic matter in cool oceanic crust,” Nature Geosci. 11, 334–339 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    E. Uliana, C. B. Lange, B. Donner, and G. Wefer, “Siliceous phytoplankton productivity fluctuations in the Congo Basin over the past 460000 years: marine vs. riverine influence, ODP Site 1077,” Proc. ODP, Sci. Results 175, 1–32 (2001).

  17. 17

    T. H. van Andel, C. R. Heath, and T. C. Moore, “Cenozoic tectonics, sedimentation and paleoceanography of the central equatorial Pacific,” Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 143, 1–65 (1975).

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    J. J. Veevers, J. R. Heirtzler, et al., DSDP Init. Repts. 27, (1974).

  19. 19

    Ch. C. von der Borch, J. G. Sclater, et al., DSDP Init. Repts. 22, (1974).

  20. 20

    R. B. Whitmarsh, O. E. Weser, D. A. Ross, et al., DSDP Init. Repts. 23, (1974).

Download references

Funding

This paper was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 08-05-00221).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to K. V. Syromyatnikov.

Additional information

Translated by M. Bogina

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Syromyatnikov, K.V., Levitan, M.A. Application of Dispersion and Regression Analysis for Studying the Relationships of Some Components of Upper Pliocene Sediments of the Indian Ocean. Geochem. Int. 59, 127–138 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0016702921020075

Download citation

Keywords:

  • bottom sediments
  • Indian Ocean
  • Upper Pliocene
  • organic carbon
  • calcium carbonate
  • abiogenic matter
  • analysis of variance
  • regression analysis