Advertisement

Geochemistry International

, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 378–396 | Cite as

Chemical Composition of Bottom Sediments of the Zeya and Selemdzha Rivers as a Reflection of Drainage Area Weathering

  • O. A. Sorokina
  • M. N. Gusev
Article
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

This paper reports the results of chemical study of bottom sediments of the Zeya and Selemdzha rivers, the largest water streams of the Amur River basin. It was established that the bottom sediments are depleted in practically all analyzed major and trace elements as compared to the upper continental crust (UCC) and Post-Archean Australian Shale (PAAS). It is shown that the bottom sediments of the studied rivers are chemically close to those of the Northeastern China rivers, which is related to the similar geographical and climatic environments. Examination of major-component proportions and trace-element variations suggests that the bottom sediments of the middle reaches of the Zeya River were formed from chemically reworked sources. In contrast, the bottom sediments of the lower reaches of the Zeya and Selemdzha rivers are dominated by physically reworked rather than chemically reworked materials. It is suggested that the bottom sediments of the Zeya River downstream the mouth of the Selemdzha River were formed from material, which was supplied by the Selemdzha River and determined the main geochemical characteristics of the bottom sediments of the lower reaches of the Zeya River. This is presumably related to the fact that the upper reaches of the Selemdzha River is located mainly within the Mongol–Okhotsk fold belt, the complexes of which experienced intense tectonic shearing and brecciation. For this reason, the bottom sediments of the Selemdzha River are mainly dominated by physically reworked rather than by chemically reworked material.

Keywords

bottom sediments Zeya River Selemdzha river weathering trace and rare-earth elements 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. I. Ahmad and R. Chandra, “Geochemistry of loesspaleosol sediments of Kashmir Valley, India: Provenance and weathering,” J. Asian Earth Sci. 66, 73–89 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amur District. Experience of Encyclopedic Glossary, Ed. by V. V. Vorob’ev and A. P. Derevyanko, (Khabarovsk Knizh. Izd., Blagoveshchensk, 1989) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. M. G. Babechuk, M. Widdowson, and B. S. Kamber, “Quantifying chemical weathering intensity and trace element release from two contrasting basalt profiles, Deccan Traps, India,” Chem. Geol. 363, 56–75 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. J. B. Borges, Y. Huh, S. Moon, et al., “Provenance and weathering control on bottom sediments of eastern Tibetan Plateau and Russian Far East,” Chem. Geol. 254, 52–72 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. S. V. Bryanin, and O. A. Sorokina, “The first data on the vertical REE distribution in taiga soils of the Russian Far East,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 464, 1053–1057 (2015b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. S. V. Bryanin, and O. A. Sorokina, “Vertical REE distribution in the south taiga soils of the Upper Amur region formed on the rocks of different composition,” Tikhookean. Geol. 34 (3), 104–111 (2015a).Google Scholar
  7. J. Chen and F. Wang, “Chemical composition of river particulates in eastern China,” GeoJournal 40, 31–37 (1996).Google Scholar
  8. Y. Chen, X. Li, Z. Han, S. Yang, Y. Wang, and D. Yang, “Chemical weathering intensity and element migration features of the Xiashu loess profile in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province,” J. Geogr. Sci. 18, 341–352 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. W. Chesworth, “The residua system of chemical weathering,” J. Soil Sci. 24, 69–81 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. W. Chetsworth, J. Dejou, and P. Larrogue, “The weathering of basalt and relative mobilities of the major elements at Belbex, France,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, 1235–1243 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. T. K. Dalai, S. Krishnaswami, and M. M. Sarin, “Major ion chemistry in the headwater of the Yamuna river system: chemical weathering, its temperature dependence and CO2 consumption in the Humalaya,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 3397–3416 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. J. M. Edmond and Y. Huh, “Chemical weathering yields from basement and orogenic terrains in hot and cold climates,” in Tectonic Uplift and Climate Change, Ed. by W. F. Ruddiman (Plenum Press, New York, 1997), pp. 329–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. C. M. Fedo, H. W. Nesbitt, and G. M. Young, “Unraveling the effects of potassium metasomatism in sedimentary rocks and paleosoils, with implications for paleoweathering conditions and provenance,” Geology 23, 921–924 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. J. Gaillardet, B. Dupré, and C. J. Allégre, “Geochemistry of large river suspended sediments: Silicate weathering or recycling tracer?” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 63 (23/24), 4037–4051 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Geological Map of the Amur Region and Adjacent Territories. Scale 1: 2500000 (VSEGEI, St. Petersburg, 1999) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. L. Harnois, “The CIW index: a new chemical index of weathering,” Sediment. Geol. 55 (3–4), 319–322 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. M. T. Hren, C. P. Chamberlain, G. E. Hilley, et al., “Major ion chemistry of the Yarlung Tsangpo–Brahmaputra river: chemical weathering, erosion, and CO2 consumption in the southern Tibetan plateau and eastern syntaxis of the Himalaya,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71, 2907–2935 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Interpretation of Geochemical Data, Ed. by E. V. Sklyarov (Intermet Inzhiniring, Moscow, 2001) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. V. K. Karandashev, A. N. Turanov, T. A. Orlova et al., “Application of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in the environmental element analysis,” Zavodskaya laboratoriya 73 (1), 12–22 (2007).Google Scholar
  20. G. V. Kharitonov, E. V. Ostroukhova, E. V. Utkina, et al., “Trace-element composition of bottom sediments of the Bureya River of ythe Nizhnyaya Bureya hydroelectric power station,” Tikhookean. Geol., No. 5, 96–107 (2015).Google Scholar
  21. C. Li and Yang, S. “Is chemical index alteration (CIA) a reliable proxy for chemical weathering in global drainage basins?” Am. J. Sci. 310, 111–127 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Z. Liu, C. Colin, K. P. Le, S. Tong, and Z. Chen, “Climatic and tectonic controls on weathering in south China and Indochina Peninsula: clay mineralogical and geochemical investigation from the Pearl, Red, and Mekong drainage basins,” Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 8 (5), 2195–2205 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Z. Liu, S. Tuo, C. Colin, et al., “Detrital fine-grained sediment contribution from Taiwan to the northern South China Sea and its relation to regional ocean circulation,” Mar. Geol. 255, 149–155 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. F. Macías and W. Chesworth, “Weathering in humid regions,” in Weathering: Soils and Paleosols Developments in Earth Surface Processes, Ed. by I. P. Martini and W. Chesworth (Elsevier, 1992), Vol. 2, pp. 283–306.Google Scholar
  25. A. F. Makhinova, A. N. Makhinov, V. A. Kuptsova, Liu Shuguang, and V. V. Ermoshin, “Landscape–geochemical zoning of the Amur Basin (Russian territory),” Russ. J. Pac. Geol. 8 (2), 138–149 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. A. V. Maslov, V. P. Shevchenko, V. N. Podkovyrov, Yu. L. Ronkin, O. P. Lepikhina, A. N. Novigatsky, A. S. Filippov, and N. V. Shevchenko, “Specific features of the distribution of trace and rare earth elements in recent bottom sediments in the lower course of the Severnaya Dvina River and White Sea,” Lithol. Miner. Resour. 49 (6), 433–460 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. W. F. McDonough and S. S. Sun, “The composition of the Earth,” Chem. Geol. 120 (3–4), 223–253 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. R. Millot, J. Gaillardet, B. Dupre, et al., “The global control of silicate weathering rates and the coupling with physical erosion: new insights from river of Canadian Shield,” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 196, 83–98 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. H. W. Nessbit and G. M. Young, “Early Proterozoic climates and plate motion inferred from major element chemistry of lutites,” Nature 299, 715–717 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. S. Qiu, Z. Zhu, T. Yang, Y. Wu, Y. Bai, and T. Ouyang, “Chemical weathering of monsoonal eastern China: Implications from major elements of topsoil,” J. Asian Earth Sci. 81, 77–90 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Resources of the Surface Waters of the USSR, Ed. by A. P. Muranov (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1966) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. J. Shao, S. Yang, and C. Li, “Chemical indices (CIA and WIP) as proxies for integrated chemical weathering in China: Inferences from analysis of fluvial sediments,” Sediment. Geol. 265–266, 110–120 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. K. Selvaraj and T. A. Chen, “Moderate chemical weathering of subtropical Taiwan: constraints from solid-phase geochemistry of sediments and sedimentary rocks,” J. Geol. 114, 101–116 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. S. Shoji, R. Dahlgren, and M. Nanzyo, “Genesis of volcanic ash soils,” in Volcanic Ash Soils: Genesis, Properties and Utilization. Developments in Soils Science, Ed. by S. Shoji, M. Nanzyo, and R. Dahlgren, (Elsevier, 1993), vol. 21.Google Scholar
  35. M. Singh, M. Sharma, and H. J. Tobschall, “Weathering of the Ganga alluvial plain, northern India: implications from fluvial geochemistry of the Gomari River,” Appl. Geochem. 20, 1–21 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. P. Singh, “Geochemistry and provenance of stream sediments of the Ganga River and its major tributaries in the Himalayan region, India,” Chem. Geol. 269, 220–236 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. S. E. Sirotskii, G. V. Kharitonova, V. I. Kim et al., “Grain size and trace-element composition of bottom sediments in the middle and lower reaches of the Amur River,” Tikhookean. Geol. 33 (3), 88–98 (2014).Google Scholar
  38. O. A. Sorokina and M. N. Gusev, “Rare-earth element contents in the flood soils of the Zeya River valley, Amur River basin,” Vestn. Sev.-Vost. Nauchn Ts., Dal’nevost. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk 3, 36–40 (2014).Google Scholar
  39. O. A. Sorokina and N. V. Zarubina, “Chemical composition of the bottom sediments in the middle reaches of the Amur River,” Russ. J. Pac. Geol. 5 (5), 469–479 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. O. A. Sorokina and N. V. Zarubina, “The content of chemical elements in alluvial soils and bottom sediments of the Urkan River (the Amur River Basin),” Euras. Soil Sci. 46 (6), 644–653 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. O. A. Sorokina, M. N. Gusev, and N. V. Zarubina, “Distribution of chemical elements in the bottom sediments of the Zeya River,” Geograf. Prir. Res. 4, 91–98 (2014).Google Scholar
  42. T. Taboada, L. Rodríguez-Lado, C. Ferro-Vázquez, G. Stoops, and A. Martínez Cortizas, “Chemical weathering in the volcanic soils of Isla Santa Cruz (Galápagos Islands, Ecuador),” Geoderma 261, 160–168 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. S. R. Taylor and S. M. McLennan, The Continental Crust: its Composition and Evolution (Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985).Google Scholar
  44. H. Wang, Z. Liu, E. Sathiamurthy, et al., “Chemical weathering in Malay Peninsula and North Borneo: clay mineralogy and element geochemistry of river surface sediments,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 54 (2), 272–282 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. W. Wu, X. Zheng, S. Xu, et al., “Trace element geochemistry of riverbed and suspended sediments in the upper Yangtze river,” J. Geochem. Explor. 124, 67–78 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. S. M. Yang A. Pitawala, H. Ishiga, “Geochemical characteristics of stream sediments, sediment fractions, soil, and basement rocks from the Mahaweli River and its catchment, Sri Lanka,” Chemie Erde 73(3), 357–371 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. S. Y. Yang, H. S. Jung, and C. X. Li, “Two unique weathering regimes in the Changjiang and Huanghe drainage basins: geochemical evidence from river sediments,” Sediment. Geol. 164, 19–34 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ya E. Yudovich and M. P. Ketris, Principles of Lithochemistry (Nauka, St. Petersburg, 2000) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  49. O. V. Zarubina, A. I. Kuznetsova, O. A. Sklyarova, et al., “Control of correct determination of trace elements in soils and bottom grounds using different analytical techniques,” Analitika Kontrol, 6 (5), 579–583. (2002).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology and Nature Management, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesBlagoveshchenskRussia

Personalised recommendations