Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 93–102 | Cite as

Coagulation of carbon clusters in a detonation wave

Article

Abstract

The effect of the parameters of a charge of TNT/RDX alloys and their detonation conditions on the coagulation of carbon on the isentrope of the detonation products is analyzed. In the region of liquid nanocarbon, coagulation occurs by coalescence of nanodroplets and in the region of solid nanocarbon, by their joining (sintering) simultaneously with crystallization. Therefore, the specific surface area of nanodiamonds calculated from their sizes is always larger than the measured value. Separation of nanodroplets in detonation products accelerates their coagulation and cooling due to the flow of cooler products around them. Evaluation of the distance between the surfaces of nanodroplets in various TNT/RDX alloys shows that they are small, smaller than nanodroplets. The conditions of rapid coalescence of nanodroplets during different deceleration of the products by rigid barriers are analyzed. An increase of up to five orders of magnitude in the size of diamond particles was established experimentally. The factors responsible for the change in the coagulation rate with the transition from heterogeneous to homogeneous TNT/RDX alloy with decreasing size of TNT/RDX particles are discussed.

Keywords

coagulation detonation charge parameters carbon nanodroplets nanodiamonds 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MoscowRussia

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