Structural Transformations in Liquid Water

Abstract—New experimental evidence is reported for the formation of supramolecular complexes of water (termed emulons), which range from 1 to 100 μm in linear dimensions, include five fractions, and have a relaxation time greater than 1 s. Optic sensors, acoustic emission, and thermal analysis were used to obtain the data. Emulon decomposition at a higher temperature generates solitons in an aqueous milieu. The observation of emulons as new structures considerably contributes to the understanding of the structure and properties of the liquid phase of water.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    G. L. Zatsepina, Physical Properties and Structure of Water (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1998) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    D. Eizenberg and V. Kautsman, The Structure and Properties of Water (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1975) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    T. Erdey-Gruz, Transport Phenomena in Aqueous Solutions (Wiley, New York, 1974; Mir, Moscow, 1976).

  4. 4

    O. Ya. Samoilov, The Structure of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions and Ion Hydration (USSR Acad. Sci., Moscow, 1957) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    V. Ya. Antonchenko, A. S. Davydov, and V. S. Il’in, Fundamentals of the Physics of Water (Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1991) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    A. N. Smirnov, Ross. Khim. Zh. 45, 29 (2001).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    D. M. Kuznetsov, V. L. Gaponov, and A. N. Smirnov, Inzhenernaya Fizika, No. 1, 16 (2008).

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    M. A. Askochenskaya and N. S. Petinov, Usp. Sovrem. Biol. 73 (2), 288 (1972).

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    A. N. Smirnov, Fizika Zhivogo 18 (2), 5 (2010).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Physical Parameter Values: A Handbook (Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1991) [in Russian].

  11. 11

    E. Lopez and W. Ortiz, Chem. Phys. Lett. 287 (3–4), 429 (1998).

  12. 12

    A. V. Savin, G. P. Tsironis, and A. V. Zolotaryuk, Phys. Rev. E 56 (3), 2457 (1997).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. N. Smirnov.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

This article does not contain any studies involving animals or human subjects performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Translated by T. Tkacheva

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Smirnov, A.N., Savin, A.V. & Sigov, A.S. Structural Transformations in Liquid Water. BIOPHYSICS 65, 354–357 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0006350920020232

Download citation

  • Keywords: structure of water
  • emulon
  • acoustic emission
  • optic sensors
  • thermal analysis
  • soliton