Producer strains have been created with an expression system based on the recipient strain Penicillium verruculosum 537 (ΔniaD) and the cellobiohydrolase-1 gene promoter. These strains made it possible to obtain new enzyme preparations (EPs) for feed production that were characterized by a high content of endodepolymerases (endo-β-1,4-glucanases and endo-β-1,4-xylanase), which degrade nonstarch polysaccharides (NSPs) of grain cereals used as a feed component. The proportion of endodepolymerases in the new EPs was 44–68% of the total protein content (as compared to 15% in the recipient-based preparation), whereas the percentage of exodepolymerases (cellobiohydrolases) fell to 8–26% as compared to 60% in the recipient strain-based product. The new EPs have a high specific activity of endodepolymerases, which was 1.8–4.6 times greater than that in the EP obtained from the recipient strain, and the specific activity of exodepolymerases decreased by 2.0–3.7 times. The new EPs demonstrated endoglucanase and xylanase activities in a wide range of pH and temperature, including the physiological values of these parameters (pH 3.0 and 7.0, and t 37–38°C). They were characterized by high endodepolymerase stability under the action of digestive proteases (pepsin and trypsin). The EPs also retained their endoglucanase and xylanase activities during feed granulation (80°C). The xylanase contained in the new EPs was not affected by proteinaceous inhibitors from cereals. Experimental batches of EPs were made by the Agroferment enzyme-producing plant and were tested in broiler and piglet feeding. The addition of the new commercial EPs to the animals’ diets increased their live weight, reduced feed and protein intake, and decreased the metabolic energy per unit of body weight, improving digestibility and assimilability of feed nutrients, especially raw fiber and NSP.
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The work was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (State Assignment 0104-2019-0009).
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
This article does not contain any studies involving animals performed by any of the authors.
This article does not contain any studies involving human participants performed by any of the authors.
Translated by I. Gordon
Abbreviations: CBH—cellobiohydrolase; CL—culture liquid; CMC—carboxymethylcellulose; EPs—enzyme preparations; EG1—endo-1,4-β-glucanase-1 from T. reesei; EG2—endo-1,4-β-glucanase-2 from P. verruculosum; FPLC—fast protein liquid chromatography; GIT—gastrointestinal tract; MCC—microcrystalline cellulose; NSP—nonstarch polysaccharides; RS—reducing sugars; t50% and pH50%—temperature and pH characterized by 50% of maximal enzyme activity, respectively; XylE—endo-1,4-β-xylanase E from P. canescens.
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Sinitsyn, A.P., Korotkova, O.G., Rubtsova, E.A. et al. Construction of Recombinant Producers of Enzyme Preparations for Feed Production with an Expression System Based on Penicillium verruculosum Fungus. Appl Biochem Microbiol 56, 875–880 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0003683820080104
- feed enzyme preparation
- non-starch polysaccharides
- Penicillium verruculosum