Biological Methods of Plant Protection against Viruses: Problems and Prospects

Abstract

Viral diseases cause significant crop losses and a deterioration in the quality of agricultural products. There are currently no direct methods with antiviral agents to protect plants from viruses circulating in agroecosystems. Control measures focus on the selection of varieties that are resistant to viral diseases, the improvement of varieties via the cultivation of apical meristems, and control of the number of insect vectors. The review describes modern approaches to plant protection against viruses via genome editing, regulation of the expression of the host plant and/or viral genes via RNA interference, and the formation of an artificial consortium of plants with rhizospheric and/or endophytic microorganisms that combine protective activity and immunomodulating potential.

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Funding

The study was carried out within the framework of a joint international grant from the Russian Science Foundation and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) of the Government of India (project no. 19-46-02004).

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Correspondence to I. V. Maksimov.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies involving animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Maksimov, I.V., Sorokan, A.V., Shein, M.Y. et al. Biological Methods of Plant Protection against Viruses: Problems and Prospects. Appl Biochem Microbiol 56, 624–637 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0003683820060101

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Keywords:

  • plant viruses
  • plant growth–promoting microorganisms
  • antiviral activity
  • RNAse
  • systemic acquired resistance
  • biocontrol