Synthesis of L-lactate oxidaze in yeast Yarrowia lipolytica during submerged cultivation
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The biosynthesis of L-lactate oxidase in the Yarrowia lipolytica yeast during submerged cultivation in laboratory bioreactors ANKUM-2M has been studied. It has been shown under optimal conditions of yeast cultivation with L-lactate that 24.5 U/L enzyme accumulated in the medium and the yield was 2.0 U/(L h). An increase in the biosynthesis of L-lactate oxidase to 75 U/L and the yield to 3.2 U/(L h) was achieved in the medium with L-lactate (1%) and glucose (2%). The enzyme was purified 251 times to homogeneity by hydrophobic and ion exchange chromatography state with a yield of 45% and a specific activity of 55.3 U/mg. Techniques of gel filtration and denaturing electrophoresis showed that L-lactate oxidase from Y. lipolytica is a tetramer with a molecular mass of 200–230 kDa. The enzyme showed a strict specificity to L-lactate and did not oxidize fumarate, pyruvate, succinate, ascorbate, dihydroxyacetone, glycolate, D-lactate, D, L-2-hydroxybutyrate and D, L-alanine or D-serine.
KeywordsL-lactate oxidase yeast Yarrowia lipolytica submerged cultivation
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